1. goal which they plan to attain by

Term.    In the long
term, the IN would want to extend its strategic gape to cover the South China
Sea, the Pacific, the Red Sea and maybe beyond in an attempt to become the sole
regional policeman. At this stage, the significance of the backing of external
powers would lessen as India itself would consider itself talented enough of
not only managing its own schedule and objectives but also providing the
necessary support required in the region. This however would depend on how
rapidly India is able to develop its local military industrial infrastructure
that would eventually weaken its need on external sources for hardware

The Indian Navy is endeavoring to project power
through “Reach, Multiplied by sustainability” across its Legitimate areas of
interests. Modernization/Indigenization: Building Indian sea power through a
sustained program of naval expansion is a precondition for a global role. The
IN has realized that great fleets need to be built and not bought. To progress
as a truly sea faring nation it must have the internal capability to match its
maritime dreams and ambitions.   While considerable
assets and technology are being acquired from other countries, the primary
emphasis remains on developing indigenous capability.   As many as 37 ships are under construction
in Indian shipyards.

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The Indian Navy has deliberately taken the
difficult route of indigenization in consonance with the national attempt
towards self-sufficiency. The Navy boarded on a program for indigenous
construction of ships and development of major sub systems, sensors and weapon
systems with the help of the Defense Research and Development Organization
(DRDO) and the Defense Public Sector Understandings (PSUs). The present rate of
construction is stressed at around 1-6 ships per year.  To meet the target by 2020 the rate of ship
building needs to accelerate to 5-6 ships per year. Self-reliance through
indigenization has been the Navy’s administrative viewpoint over the last half

The Budget distribution for the Indian Navy has
been around 16% of the overall military budget which has now been increased to

The agreement for the generation of the Russian
vessel Gorshkov has finally been given. The Russian Gorshkov has now been launched
as the Indian Navy Ship (INS) Vikramaditya. Plans are now being made for inaugurating
a third carrier. With the arrival of the third carrier it would become much
easier to carry out routine maintenance of the carriers which, in turn, improves
the life of the carriers. The first carrier was neutralized only because there
was no replacement for it and it was being over used with insufficient preservation.
The upgrading plan for the Indian Navy requires three carriers; a goal which
they plan to attain by 2020.

The following procurements/weaponries of the
Indian Army, navy and Air force demand special attention.


Bishma.           All in all, India aspires to have 320
T-90S and 1,340 T-90M             tanks in service by 2020 (total of 1,660 tanks with up
gradation of night     visions by             2020). Man-made locally in India,
Rs12, 000-crore       purchase of 350       new T-90MS tanks for six tank regiments
for the           China border has been      permitted. This takes total no. of T-90
tanks to      2010. In an effort to improve
night-fighting capacity, 1500 night vision   devices
for drivers are to be acquired. They are based on uncooled             thermal imaging technology developed
by Indians Defence research and development organization.


b.     M777 howitzer: With a weight of 4.2 tons, the M777 is 43%
            lighter than the 7.1 ton M198
howitzer that it interchanges. Much of            the
weight decrease is due to the increased use of titanium. The M777 has multiple
transportation options. It can           be
transported by helicopter or towed by air-braked vehicles weighing over 2.5 tones
such as the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles and Medium Tactical Vehicle
Replacements. The minimum gun crew required is five as opposed to a previous

















            c.         F-INSAS:
F-INSAS is India’s sequencer to formulate its infantry with state-of-      
                        the-art equipment.
The acronym F-INSAS stands for Future Infantry Soldier As a
                        System. The new package
will have two aspects: one to arm the
                        future infantry
soldier with the best obtainable assault rifle, carbines and
equipment, such as helmets and bulletproof jackets. The second
                        constituent is the
Battlefield Management Systems (BMS).The program got its inspiration and is
modelled on the US military Future Warrior system.










            d.         Sukhoi Su-30 MKI: The Sukhoi Su-30MKI (NATO recording

                        name: Flanker-H1) is a twin jet multirole air
superiority fighter developed
                        Russia’s Sukhoi and built under authorization by India’s Hindustan
                        Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force . A variant of the Sukhoi Su-30,
                        it is a heavyweight,
all-weather, long-range fighter. The aircraft is tailor-made for
                        Indian stipulations
and assimilates Indian systems and avionics as well
                        as French and
Israeli sub-systems. It has skills similar to the Sukhoi Su-
                        35 with which it
shares many structures and mechanisms.








            e.         Rafale.           On 22 September 2016,
Indian Defence Minister Manohar
                        Parrikart and his
French counter-part Jean Yvees Leh Dhrian signed the
                        bond for the acquisition
of 36 off-the-shelf Rafales in a deal worth €7.9
                        billion with an
option for 20 more at the same inflation-adjusted price. The
                        first Rafales are
expected to be distributed by 2019, and India is set to have                      all 36 jets within six years. The
deal comprises weapons and spares; the
                        aircraft will be equipped
with Meteor beyond visual range air to air missiles.          India             is
                        keeping in mind
ordering 36 more aircraft as of September 2017 due to increased
                        tensions with






                        f.          Pinaka
MBRL:         224 mm multiple rocket launch system. It is
set out to
                        swap the 124 mm
BM-22. The Pinaka MBRL is being produced at a
                        hefty rate of 6000 missiles per annum.






            g.         IBMDP (Indian Ballistic Missile
Defence Program): This
is an
                        indigenous program
which aims to establish a missile defense shield to
                        interject a
ballistic projectile. The first stage of the program has finished
                        its testing stage,
with the shield set to be mounted in two Indian cities. In
                        its present state,
the missile shield can supposedly shoot down a ballistic
                        missile from
1,500km away.




            h.         S-400 Triumph:  It is a state of the art mobile
surface-to-air missile
                        system. India’s
Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) approved the deal,
                        and the IGA
formally signed it. The Order includes supplies and equipment sufficient to
erect 6 battalions, consisting
                        of Transporter
Erector Launchers, missiles and fire control radar.
                        Deliveries are
expected in 2021.


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