??????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????. 8. ???????

??????? ?? ??? ?????????????? (1993), ???
??????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????????????? ??????, ?????? ??????? ???? ??
????? ????? ?????????????? ?? ????????. ????????? ?? ??? ??????? CDI, ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????
?????????????? ????????? ????????, ?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???
??????????, ? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????????????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????????
???????, ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? (Kovacs, 1992).

??? ?????????, ??? ????????? ??????????????
??? ???????? ?????, ?? ????? ??????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????
???? ??????????, ????? ? ?????????? «??????????? ??????????». ???????? ???
?????????? «??????????? ??????????» ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? CDI ?? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????
?????????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ?? ?????? ???
??????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??????????? ??????????
??????. ??????? ?? Hodges, Smith et al. (1990) ????? ??????????? ????? ?????
??????????? «??????????? ??????????» ???? ??????? ???????. ??????, ????
?????????????? ????????? ?? Carey et al.
(1987), ? ??????? CDI
??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ?????? – ???????????
?????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?????????
?????????? ???? ????????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????????
??????????.

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8. ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ???????? CDI.

 

???? ??? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??? ???? Twenge ??? Nolen-Hoeksema (2002),
??????????????? ?? CDI ??
?????? ??? ??????? ??????? 8 ??? 16 ???? ??? ???????????? ?? ????????????
?????????? ?? ???? ??? ??????, ?? ????, ??? ?????????? ??? ??
??????????-????????? ???????, ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????
8-11 ???? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?? ?? ?????? ???
???? ???????. ????, ??? ??? ?????? ??? 13 ???? ?? ?????????? ??????????
????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????, ?? ????????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?????
??????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? 8 ??? 16 ????. ??????????, ????
??? ??????? ??????, ?? ??? ???? ??? ????????? ??????????? ????????, ????
???????????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??????, ???? ?? ???????? ??????????? ????
??? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ????????????. ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??????
??????????? ????????? ??? ????????????? ???????????? ?? ?? ???????????????????
???????.

?? Frigerio et al. (2001)
????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ?? ????????? 284 ?????? ??????? 8 ???? ???
??????? ???????. ?? ???????? ???? ?? ????????? ?? ??????????? ????????: 1) ??
10,6% ??? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? 19 ?????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??
??? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????????. 2) ?? ??????? ???????? ?????
????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????
??????. 3) ?? ?????????-?????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ??
??? ???????????? ???????????????, ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????????? ????????
??????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????.

?? Poli et al. (2003)
?? ?????? ???????????? ??? 685 ????????? ???????, ?? ???????? ????? ??? 8 ??? 17
???? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????, ????????? ??? ???? ????????: 1) ???
?????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????????, ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????????????? ??????,
?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????????, ??????? ??? 10%, ??? ???
????????? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????????, ?? 32,7% ???????? ???? 13 ???????, ??
????? ???? ??????????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????
????????????. ?? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ????
????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ????, ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???
???????????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????. ??? ???? ???????? ????????? ??? ??
McCabe et al. (2011), ?? ?????? ??????????????? ???
?????? ?? ????????? ???? ?????????  ?? ???
?????? ???????????? ??? 510 ????????? ??????? ??? 7 ??? 13 ????. ????????? ???
??? 10% ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????, ????????
???? ???? ?? 13% ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? (13-19 ??????).

???? ???? ??? ?? ??????????? ???????????
??????? ????? ?????? ?????????????. ?? Kleftaras ??? Didaskalou (2006), ?? ?????? ???????????? ??? 323
?????? ??????? 10-13 ???? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? 21,9% ??? ?? ????
????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????????, ??? ??? 8,6% ?????????? ??????
???????????? ??????????. ??????????, ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? Giannakopoulo et al (2009)
?? 548 ??????? ?????, ???????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???
14,96% ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????, ?? ????????? ?? ?? 4,2% ???
???????? ??????. ??? ?? ???????????? ??? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ??
?????????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? 8-9 ???? ????????? ?????????? ????????????
?????????? ??? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ???????, ??? ?? ???????? 10-12 ????
????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???????.
???? ??????? ?????????, ?? ??????????????????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????????
???????? ????????? ???? ???????? ??????????, ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?????????
????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ???? ???????? ????????????
?????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?????????? ????????.

9. ????????????.

 

? ??????? ????????? ????? ??? ??????
????????, ? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ??????
??????????? ???????, ???? ?????????????? ????????? ?? Kovacs & Paulauskas, 1984). ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ???????
?? ??? ????????? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????????
????????????? ???????????? ??? ??????? (Luby et al, 2004). ??????????, ?????? ??????????
?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ???????
?????????????? ??? ????????????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????? (Njoroge & Bernhart, 2011). ??’ ????? ??? ????, ????? ??????????
? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ??? ??? ?????????? ??????. ????????,
????, ??? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????????,
?? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?? ???? ??????????,
????? ?? ????????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????
??????????, ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????????????? ??? (Kleftaras & Didaskalou, 2006, Taggart & McMullan, 2007). ????????, ???????? ???????? ??
???????????? ??? ????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ???????????, ??
??????? ????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??
?????????? ???? (Kirchner, 2000).
?????, ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???
??????????? ????????, ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????????, ?????? ?? CDI, ???? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????????
???????, ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ???
????????? ?? ???????????? ???????????????.

 

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