balance of payment is a statement that summarizes an economy’s transaction with
the rest of the world for a specified time period. A country’s balance of
payments tells you whether it saves enough to pay for its imports. A balance of
payment deficit is defined as a situation in which the imports of goods and
services exceeds the exports of goods and services. Balance of payments helps
economist and analyst understand the strength of a country’s economy in
relation to other countries. Balance of payments Surplus is the amount by which
the money coming into the country is more than the money going out in a
particular period of time.
of Trade is the difference between a country’s imports and exports for a given
time period. The use of Balance of trade is a statistical tool to help
economist understand a countries strength against another country
Irelands Recent Balance Of
CSO statistical release, 15 September
Balance of International Payments
Current Account Balance
Current Account Balance as % of GDP
Account & Sub-Components
A. Current Account
B. Capital Account
term capital transaction
term capital transaction
C. Balancing Item
Errors and Omission
A current account records a
nations transaction with the rest of the world specifically its net trade in
good and services over a defined period such as a year or a quarter. A
country’s current account balance may be surplus (positive) or deficit
(negative) but will always balance. Current account surplus is spending less
than you earn
Visible Exports- this
is the exchange of physically tangible goods between countries, this is also
known as goods sold to a foreign country or countries.
Visible Import- these
are goods, rather than services, that are brought into a country to be sold.
Visible Trade Balance (Balance of Trade)- this
refers to international trade in tangible goods but not trade in intangible
Invisible Exports- these
are services (intangible goods) sold to a foreign country.
Current Transfer (NET)- this
includes all transfers that do not have the following characteristics of
of possession of fixed assets.
of funds linked to acquisition or disposal of fixed assets.
Current assets are classified
into two main groups- general government and
Government transfers include:
Cash or kind backed by international
cooperation between governments of different economies.
Cash transfers between governments for financing
Current tax on income and wealth and other transfers
such as social security.
Sectors transfers include:
Transfers in cash and kind for disaster relief
Regular contributions to charities, religious
and scientific organizations