According the early 1990’s, Al Qeada has been

According to the 7th edition
of Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, weapon of mass destruction (WMD) is a
weapon such as a nuclear weapon, a chemical weapon or a biological weapon that
can cause a lot of destruction and kill many people, and terrorism is defined
as the use of violent action in order to achieve political aims or to force a
government to act. These two terms combined is one of the biggest threats for
the humanity and is responsible for the loss of hundreds of lives many times.
Terrorists usually don’t have the possibility to produce biological and
chemical weapons, unless the material can be found. However, biological and
chemical attacks are not the biggest concern. The production of nuclear weapon
is what really worries the Most Economically Developed Countries as every
scenario starts with the production of nuclear weapons. Al Qaeda is considered
as the terrorist group that has gone the furthest in designing biological and
chemical weapons, but also in obtaining access to nuclear capabilities. From
the early 1990’s, Al Qeada has been trying to get in the black market to obtain
WMDs. Osama Bin Laden, in 1998, has claimed that acquiring weapons of mass
destruction is his “Islamic duty”. Some of the most important steps taken into
solving this issue are the treaties signed, such as; Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear weapons, Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, Nuclear
Weapon-Free Zones and Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Libya refuses the
concept of terrorists acquiring WMDs, recognizes this issue and has taken steps
into solving it; such as signing the Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Treaty.                        This issue is highly crucial to UN, as many
conventions have been signed in order to eradicate the problem. Convention on
the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, International Convention for the
Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, The Convention on the Prohibition of
the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and
Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction, and the Convention on the Prohibition
of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on
their Destruction. They all have the same aim, to prevent terrorists from
having access to different kinds of WMDs. The Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty
has been one of the most important and beneficial treaties upon this issue and
it has been signed by many member states, Including Libya. Up to now, ten
resolutions have been voted within the past nine years. UN has been involved in
preventing terrorists from acquiring WMDs for a significant amount of time and
has made progress.                        Libya
united with the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) in 1963, signed
the Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
in 1968 and accepted it in 1975, and concluded a security agreement with the International Atomic
Energy Agency (IAEA)
in 1980. Before that, Libya was allocated as one of the most dangerous
countries regarding weapons of mass destruction, including
nuclear weapons. Yet in recent years, concerns about Libyan nuclear ambitions
have lessened, though apprehensions about Libyan chemical weapons efforts remain
alive. Libya’s limited but developing domestic technical base makes it
clear to see that Libya won’t be able to obtain access to nuclear weapons in
the estimative future. President Qadhafi had not abandoned his ambition of
obtaining a nuclear weapon. He sustained to attempt to develop a Libyan nuclear
weapons infrastructure. Despite years of struggle to acquire nuclear weapons,
Libya’s program remained in the same. Prior to 2003, the U.S. Intelligence
Community predicted that Libya would have a dependable weapon by 2007.  Following
years, Libya had succeeded in providing a number of students and technicians for
the formation of a nuclear research centre, which consisted of a small nuclear
research reactor under IAEA safeguards. This facility, located at Tajura,
southeast of Tripoli, was delivered by the former Soviet Union. Since it was
doubtful that Tripoli could create weapon without significant and sustained
foreign technical assistance, Qadhafi reportedly was trying to gather nuclear
scientists to contribute in developing nuclear weapons. Even though Qadhafi’s attitude
on nuclear weapons has been conflicting, in 1975 Libya reaffirmed its pledge to
the 1968 Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, in addition to that,
he also stated in interviews in 1981 and 1984 that Libya was only interested in
the peaceful applications of nuclear energy, and he rejected the idea of “an Islamic bomb”. After all these years
full of effort, On 19 December 2003 Libya decided to abolish all of its
chemical, nuclear, and biological weapons. The shocking announcement shadowed
nine months of secret talks between Libyan, American, and British officials.
Libya agreed to stand by the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, and to allow for
instantaneous inspections and monitoring. 19 December that Libya, after
consultations with the United States and Britain, had agreed to disassemble its
secret nuclear and other weapons-of-mass destruction programs. The prohibition
may well have been influenced from Libya’s vital decision to end its covert
weapons efforts. A US intelligence analyst said the nuclear field was “substantially further along than had been
publicly disclosed.” After years of cooperation Libyan leader Moammar
Gadhafi concluded an agreement 19 December 2003 with the United States and
Britain, to give up weapons of mass destruction programs in a bid to end two
decades of international isolation and US sanctions. Libya refuses to use WMDs
in regards of terrorism and is open to any solution proposals that will prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons
of mass destruction.           

            The solution for this issue is crucial and
needed for international peace and a safer environment. By signing the
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, it will be easier to prevent terrorists from acquiring
weapons of mass destruction. The increment of
information and access to dangerous weapons is in the hands of terrorists. With
stricter and more frequent investigation and legislation, the access to black
market for terrorists will be harder to attain and find. One of the most
important steps is raising awareness and educating the
public upon the issue. Citizens must be warned about the damage weapons of mass
destruction can cause so that they are aware of the consequences. In addition
to that, adding related topics in the national curriculum will be beneficial as next
generations will be warned and educated too. Undoubtedly, none of these would
function properly unless member states agree to cooperate and work in
collaboration with international frameworks such as the International Atomic
Energy Agency and United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. In some cases,
despite all the effort put in to eradicate an issue, it might occur again and
for that, we recommend all member states to create a strategy plan, in case of
a terrorist attack with weapons of mass destruction takes place. As Libya, our ambition is to and make
access to such WMDs more difficult for terrorists and other such non-state
actors. We believe that with the assistance of UN and IAEA, the concerns will
be lessened and the environment we live in will be much safer.

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