Aristotle, would be one of voluntary action. Continually,

Aristotle, then to
expound on what it means for the function of man is the activity of the soul
and how it determines Eudaimonia, displays his thoughts through the “Movement
of Action”. The Movement of Action, comprised of either voluntary or
involuntary actions. Aristotle states that one’s actions directly correlate to
their virtues. Actions that are taken voluntarily aligning properly with a
virtue are those presenting good actions. Such in example of the Crash Course
video, the lecturer states that he was courageous when he saw a woman being
mugged and the action he took was to call the police. In this situation he
understood the situation and acted accordingly, knowing it was not in his power
to overpower to mugger he contacted someone who could, achieving the desired
result, carefully and concisely. However, while most actions seen as voluntary,
depending on the situation one can make an argument that in a unique
circumstance a usually detrimental action, such as throwing cargo off a ship,
can be viewed as involuntary, the ship was in the middle of a torrential storm
and needed to be lightened less the crew and ship be sunk by the storm, the
crew cannot be blamed but rather praised. Additionally, if one is ignorant of
what harm they could cause due to upbringing, or knowledge thereof, if the
repent they are pardoned. When actions such as these are taken, and the greater
force making the action involuntary a Praise or Pardon clause is enacted. The
clause, enacted through the case of a moving principle, the storm, or a bout of
ignorance makes it involuntary, and thus, forgivable. Uniquely, if one were to
be ignorant, commit a transgression, and still be unrepentant, the phrasing
used would be “Non-Voluntary”. Paradoxically, another action, inherently an
instinct, appetite, if food is eaten in excess, an irrational passion, that
action would be one of voluntary action. Continually, when relating to
Aristotle’s version of Eudaimonia these actions, when all are taken into
account tie into whether or not an individual attains all of the virtues, for
the are consequentially, involved and in charge of their own actions, and if
every step they take is that of the good or righteous they are in fact virtuous.


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