Bethlehem living and sanitary conditions because of the

Bethlehem Steel’s Sparrows Point steel mill was the answer for thousands of blacks and whites who streamed into Baltimore looking for jobs. After moving from their homes to take part in this beneficial industrial job, they also needed to find an area to live in.  Turner Station was a community that served as many black men’s homes who worked in the mill. In the beginning, Turner Station was a small piece of rural, lifeless land that had poor living and sanitary conditions because of the lack of government aid. The population increased when a flow of white industrial workers came to the mill looking jobs. The black housing camps were quickly filled and the surplus men moved to Turner Station. The community began to take small steps towards urbanization by building a few paved roads and implementing mini businesses such as a general store and an ice man, but the citizens still lacked basic necessities such as enough water and sewers. However, things skyrocketed in 1941 after Pearl Harbor. The need for steel and mill workers escalated almost immediately. The U.S government spilled money into the Turner Station and built tenements with hundreds of units inside to house more workers. Hundreds of poor black families went to Turner Station in the Great Migration to take part in the thousands of job opportunities which added to the already growing population of the community. Unfortunately, things for the economic boomtown went downhill after World War II. Baltimore Gas and Electric destroyed over 200 homes, causing more than 1000 people homeless, to build a new power plant. In more recent times, Turner Station has become a ghost town with way fewer families than it started out with. When it came to public health, Turner Station and other company towns went on several imaginary roller coasters. They usually started out as small humble areas with low population counts. Then, demand for certain products would boom in the companies near the towns, and a major increase of governmental interventions would occur to develop these areas. These areas would turn into overcrowded, unsanitary communities that easily transmitted diseases such as typhoid and cholera among the citizens. The tenements at times would have over 100 units inside, with several families living in one unit. After the United States began to take part in industrialization, starting in the Northern states, oil, automotive, steel, and coal companies began to move the country away from focusing on agrarian or rural ideas and more towards urbanization. Although urbanization and industrialization benefited the wealthy citizens and nation’s economy by finally diversifying the marketplace, it also created many problems for the common man of the middle and lower classes. Historically, examples include workers and families associated with Rockefeller’s Standard Oil company and Carnegie/ J.P Morgan’s steel company. The working conditions of all workers in these industrial companies were horrible. Many of them received low pay, worked all day, didn’t have benefits to help their families and died from several accidents caused by mental blight. The wealthy business owners only took actions to help themselves’ gain money causing pauperism to spread further throughout America. Environmentally speaking, the nation was deteriorating at a fast rate because of all the trees and land being cleared so businesses could build more factories. Conservationists and preservationists rose in an attempt to help the declining environment. Even with their aid, the country’s environment was still being overused and abused by industries. When factories burn fossil fuels, they release detrimental gases such as carbon dioxide. Greenhouse gases are then released into the atmosphere which is one of the main causes of global warming. The highly populated workers’ communities were in close proximity to these factories and were directly affected by the air and water pollution. In the end of a company’s reign over the economy, several communities and families were uprooted to make more space for new companies to begin. Towns like Turner Station were forced to shut down and give up land for the businesses. Companies only built these towns for their own benefits; they served as homes for workers while they were needed and removed when their luck ran out. Industries just used them for whatever advantages they could get at that moment.


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