Cambodia century, the Angkor kings ruled over a

Cambodia is located in Southeast asia. It has a
massive lowlands, great rivers and it lies among an important trade routes
linking to China & India. It influences a lot of  Asian cultures, along the side of those in France and the United States, it can also be seen in the capital  Phnom Penh, that is one of a
problem urban center in the huge country .Cambodia covers about 176,515 of land
and it has 4,520 of water, making it the 90th biggest nation in the world with
a total area of 181,035 square kilometers.This country became a bold state in
1953, after overcoming its power from France.Cambodia population was 14,952,665
back in 2012 and the nation had a density of 85 people per square
kilometer.Cambodia shares lands borders with 3 countries, and that is Thailand, Vietnam, Lao people’s Democratic Republic.


The country was in the capital of the Khmer, Cambodian
empire. Until the 9th through the 15th century, which is a period that is
examined in the classical time of Cambodian history. It is the most dramatic
monuments a temple is built in the 12th century by King Suryavarman the second, and Angkor Thom.The 20th century back then
for Cambodia was a disaster. The country was plotted by Japan in World War 2
and became “collateral damage” in the Vietnam War, with bombings. In 1975, the
Khmer Rouge ruled its powers; they murdered about 1 out of 5 of their own
citizens in a mad of wild behavior.

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Not all of Cambodian history is dark. Between the 9th
and 13th centuries, Cambodia was home to the Khmer Empire, which was left behind the incredible monuments
such as Angkor Wat.The city of Angkor served as a royal center, which
a dynasty of Khmer kings ruled one of the largest  kingdoms in the history of Southeast Asia. From the last decade of the 9th century when
King Yashovarman made Angkor his place of residence. Until the early years of
the 13th century, the Angkor kings ruled over a territory made it longer from
the tip of the Indochinese Peninsula northward to modern Yunnan province, China, and from Vietnam toward the Bay of Bengal.


During this period, the rulers made use of the vast
resources of labour and wealth at their disposal to carry out a series of
construction projects designed to glorify both themselves, their gods, and
their capital city. After King Jayavarman the seventh , the power of the
kingdom lowered until the finally, after the armies of the Tai state of Ayutthaya was catched and sacked Angkor in 1431, the city was
mostly abandoned.


Some of the temples at Angkor gave expression to
Indian cosmological and mythical themes, were built in order for the cults, to
which the kings and other members of the royal family could be secure of
immortality by becoming identified with Shiva, or one of the other pre gods of
the realm. Angkor Wat, the greatest and one of the most famous of all temples
in the Angkor, was built by King Suryavarman the second in the 12th century as a vast funeral
temple, which it remains were to be deposited, and it was represented
confirming his permanent identity Vishnu.



Khmer is the language of Cambodia. The Cambodian
language is from the Mon-Khmer  language
family. Khmer is known for possessing one of the largest sets of alphabets; it
has 33 consonants, 23 vowels and 12 vowels. While some wish to learn within
just a few phrases before or even when visiting Cambodia, English is widely
spoken and understood. French and Mandarin are also spoken mainly in the
country; mostly older Cambodians speak French and many people in the
Khmer-Chinese population speak Mandarin.


The Cambodian language is known as Khmer or the
Mon-Khmer language has played an important role of many Southeast Asian languages.
Cambodian is spoken in present-day Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand. The
influence of the Old Khmer language in the time of the Khmer Empire’s reign is
still relevant in the region to this day.The word “Khmer” is used to not only
to the official Cambodian language but as to the national Cambodian population.
About 90 percent of Cambodia’s inhabitants are natural Khmer; the rest are
mostly of Vietnamese or Chinese origin. A number of semi-nomadic tribal groups
can also be found in this country.Cambodian is classified as a member of the
Mon-Khmer family, one out of two groups within the languages it is spoken
throughout southern Asia.


With more than 90% of Cambodian are Buddhism
followers, festival and pagodas are much in their lives.The dance and performances
are created in the songs in festivals and it is also carrying Buddhism.In the
festival of Hinduism, they seem to be more grateful in terms of dancing and
music like the ancient flocks of Pin Peat with the main instruments are made of
bamboo, and wood. The ancient dance tributes the creator of Hinduism, the court
dance is originated from the character Aspara in the legend of Hinduism. There
are plenty of ethnic groups in Cambodia and each of them has the different type
of dance, that gives the unforgettable cultural feast for their visitors when
they visit.The culture and the communication of Cambodian is managed by the
faith in religions and they are a lot like the other countries.


 There are many
special things, that are needed to be avoided when being on the pagoda
countries.There are a lot of traditional music in Cambodia which isn’t
influenced by any other conditions. They have the traditional color of Khmer,
respect the ancestor or offering.In the development of Khmer people, they have
developed many instruments to express their feelings in daily working and
protecting their land . For many years of ups and downs, Khmer still have many
typical and unique musical instruments which surprise and attract the
tourists.Some instruments of ethnic groups who are living in highland.The
dancing performance is very beautiful. There are about more than 100 kinds of
performance. The special part of it is there is dancing in every song which
could be in Western style. The most famous are: bangle dance, Saravan dance,
Romkher Bach.

Cambodia is struggling to throw off the hard times of
the past in education and in many others ways. Although education is free,
enrolment fees may vary according to parents position is society and hence the
poor are often still deprived of their rights.The process begins with 6 years
of education. Six years of secondary education follow divided into 2 phases
according to the Vietnamese model.There is a tightness between Buddhist schools
and state ones recovering from a previous revolutionary government. Teachers
are underpaid and may out live by either charging unofficial fees, or by
moonlighting while classrooms remain unattended. There is still a considerable
way to go, to catch up to the standards prevailing before the days of Khymer
Rouge.For centuries the poor of Cambodia have been struggling with little hope
for self improvement.In today’s society the government has programs in place to
close the gap, and give its people new light and hope in future for their


Despite the roughness of the past, higher education is
available at the Royal University of Phnom Phen, the Royal Agricultural
University, the Royal University of Fine Arts, and various Faculties of
Medicine, of Law and Economics, and of Business.  The Higher Technical Institute of
Soviet-Khymer Friendship has been rebranded the Institute of Technology of
Cambodia, while the Australian-funded Maharishi Vedic University functions in
rural Prey Veng Province. The Royal University of Phnom Phen is Cambodia’s
oldest university that was  founded in
1960 by the Cambodian King in use with French money. It was reopened in 1998,
and now 4,000 students may study Khmer literature, biology, chemistry, computer
science,and many more.


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