CHAPTER.2 to why the difference still exists. If

CHAPTER.2

REVIEW
OF LITERATURE

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This chapter has studied numerous researches that
are done previously in this regard and examined. This study will focus on comparative study evaluating
parental approach towards girl’s participation in sports in rural and urban
areas. There
are a great number of publications related to parental approach  that affect the girls student to participate
in sports activities, however, comparative research works have rarely been
studied related to this subject.

2.1.
ROLE OF THE PARENTS TO ENCOURAGE THE GIRLS STUDENTS TO PARTICIPATE IN SPORTS
ACTIVITIES

Despite
these relatively recent advancements, there is still much work to be done in
order to obtain true equality female students participation in spots activities
urban and rural areas.  The
work essential to further get better these numbers and bring female students in
sport to a level comparable between urban and rural areas. Cannot begin until
the reasons are identified as to why the difference still exists.  If basically succeeding in what it was intended,
yet there is still unevenness, it is then beneficial to look elsewhere for a source.

The
present opportunities that are fixed to girls today are endless in regards to administration
mandating equal opportunities in educational institutions. Among others,
parental influence is an aspect that should be delved into as a potential
factor in encouraging more females to participate in sport.  Parents are often labeled as the most
important role model in their child’s lives in a variety of facets of upward
up.  Past research has shown that the affectionate
role model is likely to pressure female student’s counterparts in convinced
aspects of life, just as the paternal role model is more influence their girl
(Cohen, 1993).

 

2.2 INFLUENCES THE GIRLS STUDENTS
PARTICIPATION IN SPORT

            Research
has confirmed an assortment of benefits associated with participating in
sports, including but not limited to health and social improvements.  The danger of immobility, psychological settlement
and physical facade are all factors on why female students participating in
sport activities (Bell, 2007).While the benefits listed are reasons that
females likely continued participation in sport, these were not likely deciding
factors for their initial interest in athletics as a child. 

2.3 BENEFIT OF THE FEMALE STUDENTS
PARTICIPATION IN SPORTS

Characteristics
of Effective Physical Education Programs Physical education provide students
with many opportunities to improve their overall lifestyle. Primary and leading, it provides students the chance
to get better their physical strength, growth, and health. According to Bailey
(2006), consistent participation in sports is connected with a longer and
better excellence of life, reduced danger of disease, and several psychological
and emotional profits.

 Also, Bailey expressed that basic movement
skills are taught in physical education which give students the opportunity to
apply those skills into a sports or spare time setting. Sports also provide
students the opportunity to improve their social and cognitive growth Bailey
(2006):

2.4
SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS THAT EFFECT THE FEMALE  
STUDENT IN RURAL AERAS

Higginson,
(1985) suggested the notion is that social background and availability of
opportunities influence the decision to be involved in sport or not. This implies
that the economic background of a female student facilitates the choice to
participate in sport because opportunities are readily available. Sport
participants can thus afford to travel to where the facilities are situated and
they can also afford to buy the necessary sporting equipment. 

There
are however, many factors that make it impossible for certain females to take
part in sport. According to Higginson (1985), argued that even if facilities
are available a child might not participate in sport if the parents are
unconcerned regarding this facet of the child?s development. Many female
students belong to middle family and rural areas they faced many social
problem. 

2.5 PARENTAL PRESSURE ON GIRLS
STUDENTS PARTICIPATION IN SPORTS

Therefore,
it is necessary for parents to encourage their children to make their own
decisions about which activities to participate in; however, parents’ guidance
is still necessary. Last but not the least, parents should “first” concern
themselves with their children’s schoolwork and “then” concern themselves with
children’s individual development and experience in extracurricular activities.
Unlike their mandatory courses for school, extracurricular activities are
considered to be informal curriculum and are set up to enable children to
explore themselves.

 Students’ academic achievements in formal
courses are always the priority, and parents ought to help their children to
prioritize appropriately and achieve balance between school work and
extracurricular activities. This will enable parents to act as facilitators and
encouragers in guiding their children to those activities that attract
them.   in terms of parental pressure in
extracurricular activities, one study found that students feel guilty when they
know their parents invested a large amount of money in their activities, as
they are afraid of wasting their parents’ money (ryan dunn et al., 2016). 

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