The purpose of the study was to provide a systematic description which it is related to knowledge, practice and attitudes towards the level of awareness of dengue home self-test kit among the population of female’s resident at Rafflesia 2, UiTM Selangor. This chapter explains the procedure that related to methodology as how the researcher was executed the research. The procedure that included under this research are the research design, sampling frame, sampling techniques, sample size, unit of analysis, data collection procedures, validity of instruments and data of analysis.
3.1 Study Design
The research design for this study is correlational method. According to Salkind (2009), the method of correlational is used to determine the relationship between two or more variable. It is to study the two variables without any attempt to influence them. Thus, this study was related to the knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards the level of awareness on home self-test kit for dengue fever among the population at the resident at female’s resident at Rafflesia 2, UiTM Selangor.
According to Salkind (2012), a population can be defined as a group of potential participant to whom the researcher wants to generalize in order to obtain the result that needed in the study. The population of the researcher was among the resident in a campus that known that stayed at Rafflesia 1 until 6 have around 3000 students or resident.
3.3 Sampling Technique
Sampling technique is the process of selecting a represented of the population. Convenience sampling was the most suitable sampling technique for this research. This is because this study was related to nonprobability sampling strategies. Convenience sampling technique can be described as a group of the members of the population that was convenient to become a sample in this study (Salkind, 2012). In this sampling technique, the researcher chooses the female residents in college Rafflesia 2, UiTM Selangor that available on the day to answer the questionnaires.
3.4 Sampling Frame
The sampling frame is known as the list of the unit of the population of the study. There is no sampling frame for this study because the researcher had used convenient sampling. In this study, the sampling frame was the list populations who stayed at Rafflesia 2, UiTM Selangor.
3.5 Sampling Size
For the sampling size, all the respondents of the research study focused on the population who are staying at Rafflesia especially in Rafflesia 2 of female resident, UiTM Selangor. The larger the sample sizes of the researcher, the more representative the sample of population. Therefore, a huge number of sample size, the smaller the sampling error. By using the theory of Tabachnick and Fidell (1996) which it is related to sample size requirements. This formulae can be shown as N>50+8m (where m is the number of independent variables). So, by key in the number of independent variables, the respondents consists of 74 but the researcher has increase the number to 100 respondents.
3.6 Unit of Analysis
The unit of analysis known as the subject that includes in the study which it can be in group or focus to an individual. In the research study, the subject that has been selected more to an individual that referring to the target who are staying at Rafflesia 2 in UiTM Selangor and focused on their knowledge, attitudes and practices towards the level of awareness on dengue home self-test kit.
3.7 Data Collection Procedure
According to Salkind (2012), it was a time-efficient of data collection method which the individuals can complete the questionnaires without getting any help or involvement of research which known as self-administrated questionnaires. In this study, 100 sets of questionnaires are distributed to the targeted geographical area.
The instrument of the study is a standardized questionnaire. The items in the questionnaires were directed towards gaining the information of knowledge, attitudes, and practices of dengue fever towards the level of awareness of home self-test kit which has given in Section A until Section E.
3.9 Validity of Instrument
It is a fact that the validity of an instrument should be examined to ensure the questionnaire is relevant for the respondents to answer before distributing the questionnaire to the respondents to obtain their feedback. This was to ensure that the content of the questionnaire was valid, and several alternatives would be used to measure the validity of the questionnaire. The questionnaire was validated for its content validity by a lecturer from Health Administration (HEALS) course who have the knowledge in this research method fields to check for error.
3.10 Data Analysis
The data analysis was collected from the questionnaires would be filled using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0. Descriptive statistics were used in analyzing the data and it included mean, standard deviation, frequencies, and percentages.