Checkers is played on a chess board, consisting of an eight by eight grid of squares of alternating color. There is a total of 24 pieces used in the game of checkers. These pieces are usually flat, cylindrical shaped, and are split into two colors; 12 darker pieces and 12 lighter pieces. To begin a game of checkers, two players assume positions on opposite sides of the game board and each places their 12 pieces on the darker squares of the three rows closest to them on the board. The row that is closest to each player is deemed either the crown head or kings row. The player with the darker colored pieces is the first to move. There are two different types of moves that can be made in checkers. The first move is the “simple move,” which is the moving of a piece one square diagonally onto an unoccupied dark square. Pieces must always end up on a dark square and are only able to move forward. The second type of move is known as the “jump”, which is the moving of a piece from a square diagonally adjacent to an opponent’s piece to an empty square immediately beyond the opponent’s piece. The piece effectively jumps over the square containing the opponent’s piece. When a player decides to make a jump move, the opponent’s piece that is jumped over is captured and removed from the board. Multiple jumps are permitted if, following one jump, the same piece can make another jump. Any number of jumps are allowed to take place in one move if the jumps are possible. Any pieces that are jumped over are captured and removed from the board. A player must always make a jump move if possible, even if making such a move does not benefit the player or increase the chance of winning. For example, If a player can make a jump move to capture but doing so leaves an open space for their opponent to make a move with multiple jumps, then they must still make that move. If a player manages to move a piece to the king’s row on their opponent’s side of the board, that piece is then kinged, or crowned. To show that a piece is kinged another piece of the same color (not one in play) is stacked on top of the original piece. This piece is now known as a king and can move backward as well as forwards. A player can have multiple kings if they move more than one piece to their opponent’s king row during the game. A game of checkers can also end in a draw if both players agree or if neither player can make a move legal in checkers.