Colin in the United States and predominately against

            Colin Kaepernick faces racism because
throughout this entire process they have changed the entire purpose of his
protest. People who are against Colin Kaepernick’s protest have created the
illusion that Colin Kaepernick is protesting the United States flag and not
racism in the justice and police systems. Colin Kaepernick has been subject to
huge amounts of racial slurs, through social media, letters, etc. The slurs
used to attack Colin Kaepernick were very racially motivated slurs. The slurs
referred to slavery in the United States in the 1800’s. Colin Kaepernick has
received death threats from white men across the nation.  It is quite ironic that Colin Kaepernick
protests racist injustice in the United States and ends up being a victim of
racism. These letters have given Colin Kaepernick is physical proof that racism
still exists in the United States and predominately against African-Americans
who interfere with the profits of the bourgeoisie.  Colin Kaepernick has also received tons of
support from people across the world. Colin Kaepernick is a victim of racial
injustice due to the economic base and capitalistic superstructure that he
lives in.

because he is no longer beneficial to the best interest of
their company. Colin Kaepernick hurt the profits of the NFL so they exiled him
from the NFL. No NFL general manager or owner has commented on why Colin
Kaepernick does not have a job and they insist that he is not being black

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Aziz 10

    Colin Kaepernick
lives in an era in which the base or economic production results in a
superstructure that is capitalistic. Many of the norms in capitalist society is
to accumulate as much wealth as possible and thrive on competition. Colin
Kaepernick is a part of the proletariat group of people in the world. Half of
the world’s money is controlled by 1% of the population today. These people are
the bourgeoisie, or the company and factory owners in the world. The NFL has 32
teams, and each team is owned by a billionaire or in Marxist terms, a
bourgeoisie. Out of the 32 owners in the NFL, only one owner is not a white
individual. The only non-white owner has only been an owner since 2011. The NFL
has been around since 1920. It has been almost 100 years before the NFL got a
non-white owner.  Colin Kaepernick has
been treated like a commodity. Colin Kaepernick who is a viable option at
quarterback in the NFL has not received any phone calls for job offerings after
his protest. Colin Kaepernick is a victim of racism because there are players
who are white and statistically worse players than Colin Kaepernick getting
jobs. The bourgeoisie owners have agreed to not sign Colin Kaepernick

had many different supports as well as tons of backlash and
criticism. Some of the viewers of the NFL began to boycott the NFL. The NFL’s
rating began to plummet and they blamed Colin Kaepernick for the reason. He
became unemployed in 2016 because of his protest, when he is perfectly healthy
and has a better record of accomplishments than half of the NFL quarterbacks
playing in the NFL in 2017. Colin Kaepernick’s protest did not break any NFL rules
or break any United States laws, but he is still being black balled due to
racism. The United States of America in 2017 is in a capitalistic society,
where there is private property, free markets, accumulation of wealth, social,
and economic classes. Colin Kaepernick is a victim of racism, based on Marxism

Aziz 9

Colin Kaepernick is a former
National Foot Ball league quarter back for the San Francisco 49ers. Colin
Kaepernick has a great track record in the NFL, with a super bowl appearance
and a career NFL QBR rating of 88.9. In comparison, John Elway, a hall of fame
quarter back for the Denver Broncos has a career QBR rating 79.9. The higher
the QBR rating the higher the overall play of the quarter back. Colin Kaepernick
is an African-American, who has been black balled by the NFL owners, because of
a protest he began. Colin Kaepernick began a protest in which he would kneel
during the national anthem to protest against social injustice in the judicial
system and police brutality against African-Americans. The protest has

Communism is a classless society
that brings a sense of equality to the proletariat and bourgeoisie. Private
property and inherited wealth would be abolished in communism. There would no
longer be capital accumulation in a communist society. Instead, there would be
steeply graduated income tax and the government would have control of the
banking, communication, and transport industries. Communism would also require
free education system for everyone. Karl Marx was angry with how efficient
factories were in producing means, but not how so many of the products produced
were went to waste in capitalism. In a communist society, the total wealth of
the society would be distributed to everyone in the society. In a communist
society, everyone would receive the same amounts of goods as each other. The
factories are so efficient that no everyone would need to work in a communist
society. Communism would create more leisure time for everyone and Karl Marx
thought leisure time was very important so that people could develop lots of
different parts of their nature. People would be able to be more than one
thing. They could be a painter, critic, dancer, etc. Using a Marxism ideology,
we can see how racism exists in the world of today

Aziz 8


Marxism leads to a communist
society where things, according to Karl Marx are a more balanced and equal
society. Karl Marx says that “communism is the riddle of history solved, and
knows itself to be this solution (Marx, Private Property, and Communism).
Communist society in Marxism is the ideal utopian society with no problems. A
communist society’s main goal is to serve the majority of the people and not
for the few rich. In the hunter and gathers stage of human civilization, there
was primitive communism. Primitive communism is where the hunters and gathers
would be in groups where they would hunt and share the food throughout the
group. There was no private property between the members of the hunters as they
all worked together for the common goal. Marx called communism as the “real
movement which abolishes the present day of things” (Marx, German Ideology).
Marx believed that communism would get rid of the capitalist society and the
inequalities it contains. Communism is the final stage of society according to
Karl Marx.

easily he can be replaced or let go. The workers begin to
distance themselves from each other. These insecurities then begin to create a
competition between the workers because the proletariats all have the same
common interest. The labor the worker is doing is paid as a wage, in which the
bourgeoisie pays him in exchange for work and time. In a capitalist society,
Karl Marx, calls this labor power, where the workers are really selling their
labor power and the capitalist buys months, days, and years. This phenomenon in
capitalism creates what commodification of the worker. The worker or the
proletariat becomes a commodity to the companies or factories that are
controlled by the bourgeoisie. Karl Marx believed that capitalism would
transition into a communist society.

Aziz 7

society creates insecurities for the proletariat. The proletariat now becomes a
commodity to the factories. The labor or worker is now seen as not as a human
being, but as an object to the company. The worker is just now another asset to
the company and will be replaced if the commodity or the human is no longer
beneficial to the companies’ best interest. The worker becomes very expendable
and this creates insecurity among the workers because of how

       In the
capitalist society, Karl Marx claims that there becomes an alienation of the
workers. Karl Marx believed that work was one of the greatest joys a person can
have in his or her life. It brings a sense of fulfillment. In order to be
fulfilled, Karl Marx says the workers must be able to see themselves in their
work. This is extremely difficult in a modern society because everything is so
specialized to promote efficiency. This hinders the worker’s ability to feel a
sense of purpose for their work. People begin to feel a disconnect from the
work they’re doing and who they think they are. Alienation of a worker is when
the worker no longer counts “labor itself as part of his life; it is rather a
sacrifice in his life” (Marx, Wage and Labor and Capital). The proletariat’s
labor is now alienated from himself in a capitalist society. The work the
proletariat is now doing is for someone else and not for himself. An example is
someone who works in a factory for making shoes. His job in the factory is to
sew the logo on to the shoe and pass the shoe down the line. The worker is
alienated because the work he is doing is not for himself, but for another
person other than himself. Capitalism society makes proletariat to become

chains (Marx, The Communist Manifesto). The proletarians are
so low in society because of the bourgeoisie that they have nothing to lose.
The proletarian’s only goal should be to unshackle the figurative chains that
are holding them back.  Karl Marx
believed that society would or is leading into a communist superstructure where
there is no bourgeoisie and proletariat. 

Aziz 6

The bourgeoisie dominance creates a
connected common interest in which the ruling class interest becomes the
interests of the proletariat. The bourgeoisie have a cultural hegemony over the
proletariat. A cultural hegemony is when the powerful manipulate the culture of
the society so that the beliefs of the ruling class become the nation’s
accepted norms. In a capitalist society, the bourgeoisie create the norms and
traditions of the nation that the proletariat end up following because of this
cultural hegemony. “The proletarians have nothing to lose but their

Karl Marx thought that entire
capitalistic system was rigged to keep the proletariat poor and keep the
bourgeoisie rich. Karl Marx called this primitive accumulation. Primitive
accumulation is when the bourgeoisie would pay the proletariat low wages so the
bourgeoisie could increase their profits. The bourgeoisie would then increase
their profits, and accumulate their wealth over by taking advantage of the
proletariat class. This was the problem Karl Marx had a problem with profits.
They would be used to take advantage of the working class. Karl Marx says that
a capitalistic society is becoming increasingly separate from each other, and
the two classes are “directly facing each other” (Marx, The communist
manifesto). This is a conflict theory because the two classes’ relationship
with one other is a conflict in itself. The bourgeoisie need the proletariat to
do the work for their factories, and the proletariats need work for survival
needs like food, shelter, and etc. This is important because it separates the
bourgeoisie and the class of the proletariat as being separate and competing
classes. Capitalist societies are rooted in the conflict between the
oppressing, and the oppressed, and evolutions are inevitable because of this. 

would work in these factories for low wages, terrible hours,
awful conditions, and even had child labor.

Aziz 5


 Karl Marx did not like capitalism type
society, because of the private ownership, big business, and profits. Private
property or the ability to own land, or property was one of the largest
problems in a capitalistic society Private property gives too much power to
these owners, which was often the bourgeoisie. During the industrial
revolution, the factory owners were mainly the middle class. Karl Marx called
these powerful men who control capitalism in Marxism, the bourgeoisie. The
bourgeoisie are the rich, factory owners, in a capitalistic society, and the
proletariats are the workers of these factories, and labor works in general.
The bourgeoisie is the ruling class and rule over the proletariat in
capitalism. Karl Marx was in favor of the proletariat because he felt they were
being oppressed in a capitalist society. The proletariat

An example would be hunters and
gathers domesticating animals after killing all the animals in their region.
After hunting all these animals, the base or the material needs have changed.
The hunters can no longer migrate, to find food because all the food is gone.
This caused a change in the superstructure from hunters and gathers society to
a different one. The hunters and gathers would no longer migrate to find food,
but domestic certain animals to eat. 
Showing how only a material force in the base, can change the base.
Marxism supports a type of historical determinism. Historical materialism is a
way in which socioeconomic or society will naturally evolve. The process in
which societies change from feudalism to capitalism is inevitable. Karl Marx
was not in favor for a capitalist society because of the bourgeoisie, and the proletariat.

concept to understand, as the material forces at the base,
can only be changed by another material need or force.

Aziz 4


 The superstructure cannot impose or influence
the base in vulgar Marxism. In Marxism, only the material base can affect the
superstructure, never the other way around. Karl Marx says “it is not the
consciousness of men that determines their being” (Marx, Preface to the
Critique of Political Economy). People or great minds do not change the
superstructure or change the base in vulgar Marxism, but only material needs.
At a certain time in society’s development, the material forces come into
conflict with the present-day material productions. This conflict with
materials forces of the present and new materials forces is the cause of the
change in bases, and superstructures. The changing of the superstructure, like
feudalism to capitalism can only happen with changes in the base or in other
words the material needs. “A material force must be overthrown by a material
force” (Marx, Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right). A very simple

The superstructure is the values,
norms, and culture of a society during a duration of time in history. The
superstructure is everything in society from tradition, media, laws, politics,
family, culture and etc. The superstructure of a society is directly created
from the material needs of that era in time, or just simply the base. The
superstructure is the product of the base or material needs in a period of
time. The people living in the superstructure are interpellated into the values
and norms. Interpellation is where the subject or the person is indoctrinated
into the ways of the superstructure or the society. A simple way of thinking of
this is a person who goes into a new culture becomes indoctrinated or forced
upon their norms, and society. This does not have to be a person going into a
new culture or society, but even when one is born, and grows up in a
society.  The superstructure cannot
change its own values and norms unless there is a change in the base.

Aziz 3


The base or the material needs
constructs the world we live in. Human’s lives and actions are determined by
the base and are completely out of human control. Human thought, norms,
society, culture, tradition are all created from the material base. The base’s
laws will shape society, for the entirety of history according to Marxism. Karl
Marx says that “the totality of these relations of production constitutes the
economic structure of society, the real foundation, on which arises a legal and
political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social
consciousness” (Marx, A contribution to the Critique of Political
Economy).  This is important because the
base or the matter needs creates the economic structure of a society. The
economic structure of society is the origin of the superstructure in that
sense. The superstructure is the product of the base.

             The base in Marxism constructs the values,
norms, traditions, and society for the superstructure in a certain time period.
There tends to be a misconception about Marxist’s base, in which people have
called it economic determinism. Karl Marx never uses the terminology of
economic determinism in any of his work. 
Economic determinism refers to the idea of the mode of production in
society. The base in Marxism is all the materials or matter like coal, wood,
and steel, and the means of production. The means of production would be the
machines, tools, and land used.  Karl
Marx says the base is “the mode of production of material life that
conditions the social, political, and intellectual life processes in general”
(Marx, Preface, to the Critique of Political Economy).

the beginning of time. Marxism ideology is surrounded by
this idea of a material base, and a social superstructure, and the relationship
between the two.  

Aziz 2


Marxism is an ideology that is
fundamentally a materialistic type ideology. Karl Marx’s vulgar Marxism is a
very deterministic type ideology. In Marxism, human actions are determined by
materialistic factors that are outside human control. Karl Marx asks if “men
are free to choose this or that form of society? Not at all” Marx, P.V
Annenkov Letter). Marxism ideology is a very political and economic type of
ideology. Marxism is very political because it analyzes the corruptions in
societies. Marxism is an inevitable process and occurs in every society since

Philosopher’s since the beginning
of time have been developing ideologies that question the reality of the world
today. Karl Marx in the 1800’s unveiled an ideology in which he thought the
world revolves around. Karl Marx discovered his ideology about the world during
the industrial revolution, which is important to understanding Karl Marx’s
theories. Karl Marx’s ideology became known as Marxism and is now one of the
best-known ideologies in the world.  This
paper will be primarily being focused on vulgar Marxism or in other words,
traditional Marxism, and how racism, exist in the world today through the lens
of a Marxist ideology. Colin Kaepernick is a perfect example of how Marxism
influences racism in the world today. Colin Kaepernick becomes a victim of racism
in a capitalistic society when looking through a Marxist viewpoint.


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