Country States Infrastructure Communications: Phone networks provided by

Country
Matrix (Sudan on the Topics of the Prevention
of human trafficking and the Provision of humanitarian aid in conflict zones)

 

Official Name: Republic of the
Sudan

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Demographics

Population:
40,614,770 (70% Sudanese Arabs,
30% Beja, Copts, Nubians and Others)

Official Languages: Arabic and English

Religions: 69.0% Islam, 25.0% Animist, 6.3 Christianity,
>0.1% Baha’i)

 

Government

President: Omar al-Bashir

Type of Government: Representative democratic consociationalist
republic

Legislature/Decision-Making
Body: Bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Assembly
and the Council of States

 

Economics

Main
Contributors: Cotton ginning, Soap distilling, Petroleum
refining, Pharmaceuticals, Automobile/light truck assembly, Milling, Mechanized
agriculture, Forestry, Fishing

Less Economically Developed Country

Annual GDP: 95.58
Billion USD (2016)

Major
Imports: Foodstuffs, Manufactured goods, Refinery and
transport equipment, Medicines and chemicals, Textiles, Wheat

Major
Exports: Oil and petroleum products, Cotton, Sesame,
Livestock, Groundnuts, Gum arabic, Sugar

Main Trading
Partners: UAE, China, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Pakistan,
India, Egypt, Turkey, Russia, United States

 

Infrastructure

Communications: Phone
networks provided by government, Internet services provided by companies such
as Zain Sudan, MTN Sudan and Sudani One

Transport: Poor
coverage of roads and railways, underdeveloped transport system (railways
managed by government owned Sudan Railways). Taxi services are available in big
cities but donkeys and camels are more commonly used in rural areas and
villages

Sanitation: Clean water
is not easily accessible, very poor sanitation (especially in rural areas)
leading to many infections and diseases

 

Culture

Unique
Traits: Has great cultural diversity due to the presence of
the many ethnic groups and religions, still has a very prevalent traditional
culture that has roots to its rich history due to the many tribes that still
survive

Unique
Foods: Millet porridge, Mashed fava beans, African Okra
soup with Kombo, Basico, Shaiyah

Attitude to
the arts: Has an emphasis on oral literature as a form of
cultural expression, art is usually related to religion due to the predominant
Islam influence

Sports: Passionate
about football and dominated international football on the continent, won the
African Cup of Nations

Geography

Location: Lies within the Northern and Eastern hemisphere

Important Neighbours: Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya

Unique
Geography: Made up of mostly sand or gravel covered desert,
has the Nile River system cutting through it

 

3 Relevant Points for Topic 1

1)On November 8, 2017, Sudan launched its First
National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking

2)Sudan is a source country for men, women and
children trafficked internally for the purposes of forced labour and sexual
exploitation

3)In June 2007, the National Child Council on Child
Welfare collaborated with UNICEF to launch a comprehensive child protection
awareness campaign in Sudan to combat child trafficking

 

3 Relevant Points for Topic 2

1)UN declared famine in two counties in South Sudan
in February 2017, the EU is one of the biggest contributors of humanitarian aid
during this time

2)Fighting has erupted since December 2013 which
has left more than 1.85 million people displaced from their homes creating a
huge conflict zone which requires humanitarian aid

3)The famine in South Sudan has led to violence
which has obstructed the provision of humanitarian aid and has even led to the
deaths of 67 humanitarian workers

 

 

 

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