Discrimination is a sociological referring to
actions taken toward against a person or a certain group that is taken in to
consideration based on class or category. Gender discrimination mentions to
beliefs and attitudes in relation to the gender of a person. It is defined as
adverse action against another person that would not have occurred had the
person been of another sex. It is the practice of letting a person’s sex
unfairly become a factor when deciding who receives a job, promotion, or
other employment benefit. It most often affects women who feel they have been
unfairly discriminated against in favor of a man. Gender based discrimination
present practically in every sphere in the workplace, housing, education,
healthcare, and countless other areas. Gender specific is something intended only for
one sex. Even though we can say that our society nowadays equally better
subject’s humanity. We can observe a male domination in almost all the field.
The work place, discrimination is a major problem, employees should be
protected against it, and there is a wide range of cases of discrimination
around the world. Female inequality in the
workplace is one of the harmful aspects that is afflicting the entire society.
have experienced a historic situation of inequality in the social as well as
professional aspects. Women were normally the ones that would take care of
children, do the chores in the house, and in rural areas; they would work in
the field with the rest of the family. However, today’s women have become more
self-sufficient and independent from the predominant male figure within every
historical family. Gender inequality in the workplace is becoming less common;
yet, gender is a factor that affects men and women. Especially women have been
subjected to a historical discrimination that has influenced society to decide
which job is more suitable for women than men. However, women have confronted
and tried to break down the barriers that have been there before them. For
example, when we look to most of the companies all their CEO’s or higher
positions are men’s. In the workplace, women do not receive the same benefits
that men do.
Women are a major part of the human resource of an economy and a company and
thus their empowerment and development are essential for the development of the
economy. Several studies have confirmed that decreasing gender
inequality improves productivity and economic development and that the economic
advantages of reducing back barriers to women’s engagement in the workforce
could be substantial.
One of the category of gender discrimination
is the pay gap. One cannot
begin the discussion of gender pay gap without defining it. Simply put, gender
pay gap is the inequality between men and women wages. Gender pay gap is a
constant international problem, in which women are paid, on average, less than
that of their male counterpart. As to if gender pay gap still exists, its
exactness fluctuates depending on numerous factors such as professional status,
country and regional location, gender, and age. Regarding gender, in some
cases, both men and women have stated that the gap does not exist. Due to
various countries initiatives to shrink the wage inequality between men and
women wages in the work force, the gap has narrowed, respectively, which may
have helped form such opinion. However, stating that the gender pay gap does
not exist today, anywhere, is completely unlikely. Seeing that the gap has
loosened its grasp in the working world, in other countries, the gap between
pay has widen or remained stagnant. One cannot help but wonder why the gap
remains consistent even with such substantial progress made in countries where
the gap has decreased. Women who work at the same place with the
same positions as men are not receiving equal pay compared to the male workers.
According to the American Association of University Women, they released a new
study that showed when men and women attended the same kind of college, picked
the same major and accepted the same kind of job, on average, the women would
still earn 82 cents to every dollar that a man earned. Employers still
view men as more capable, reliable, responsible, productive, and better
qualified than women, especially when considered for executive positions.
Employers feel that a family or children tend to be an added burden on a woman
and tend to prohibit her from being loyal to her employer. Also, she is perceived not
to be as productive since she has other responsibilities on her mind.
One of the other inconsiderate matter that
caused by gender discrimination is sexual harassment at the workplace based on
gender. Sexual harassment
has been a major problematic issue in the workplaces. It occurs everywhere in
the world. Throughout the
history, many women have suffered from unsolicited sexual behaviors, usually
provoked by their employers or co-workers. Nevertheless, in both types of
harassment, the harasser might be male or female. The victim doesn’t have to be
opposite sex. Yet, the victims are usually able to depend on a person who is
forcing them. For example, those can be divorced mothers or widows, young
people and ethnically diverse. Therefore, it is easier to force them to a sexual
act in exchange for some prize, such as promotion, or keep the job. Sexual harassment is a violation
of women’s rights and a prohibited form of violence against women in many
countries. Sexually harassing conduct causes devastating physical and
psychological injuries to a significant percentage of women in workplaces
around the world. Harassment directed against women in the workplace by their
supervisors, fellow employees, or third parties interferes with the integration
of women in the workforce, reinforces the subordination of women to men in
society, violates women’s dignity and creates a health and safety hazard at
work. Sexual harassment can take two forms.
First, whenever an employee is required or requested to engage in or submit to
sexual acts as a term or condition of employment, assignment, or job benefit.
Second, sexual harassment may exist when comments, conduct, or actions of the
employer, supervisors, or coworkers creates an unwelcome or hostile work
environment. Managers should be
mindful of both and seek to prevent them.
Indirect gender discrimination is more
subtle than direct discrimination. Some recruitment practices
may not even be a deliberate attempt to discriminate, but nevertheless have the
effect of disqualifying female job candidates.
The U.S. labor market may be bouncing back but men and women seeking jobs
across the country find themselves facing very different employment conditions.
The value of women in the workplace is largely recognized, but that doesn’t
mean women stand an equal chance of landing a
job. Equality for women has come a long way, but there is still progressing to
And that doesn’t just mean equal pay. Women face inequality and discrimination
before they even get a job, despite federal laws prohibiting this unfair
treatment by employers. Notwithstanding these rules, a study by the Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences found
distinct discrimination towards female candidates.
When hiring managers had to choose between an equal mix of men and women for a
math-based task, both male and female managers favored male candidates, based
on their paper qualifications alone.
One other discrimination that been around for years is women are less
likely to get promoted. Across all
organizational levels, the study found that women are a whopping 15%
less likely than men to get promoted. There’s a common
misconception that women who start families are subsequently less ambitious in
their careers. Women across the country
are being passed over for promotions because of their gender. They may not know that this
is illegal or where to turn to get the recognition they deserve. Profession separation
in women is found in the demoralization of entering certain fields of work, for
example, the sciences, mechanical, building, police, and organization fields. The term women’s work is
frequently thought less renowned than occupations held by the contrary sex.
This is a type of debasement of female s employments. Women are contracted into
less alluring employments and one a vocation moves toward becoming related with
women’s, it is evaluated in the authoritative setting. Isolation not just discourages
the wages of women; it surrounds their objectives, yearnings, and
alternatives. Numerous females tend to pick employments marked as women’s
employments, for example, instructors, medical attendants, social laborers, or
curators, keeping in mind the end goal to succeed inside their occupation. This puts down females in
the work environment, because of the sex parts learned. Women were become the more
female, and men as manly. Because of this supposition that men and women are of
various ranges, it is trusted that females can’t do what the men do and the
other way around. It is found and explored that with a similar measure of
instructive foundation, females hold less manager positions and get bring down
pay. Furthermore, promotions are variable by sex
and class: men have more promotions than women and more of them take place at
the top of occupational orders where women are less well represented.
Traditionally, a women s gender role in society is of a homemaker; a man’s
gender role is that of the financial breadwinner. Due to that role that is
embedded into our society pertaining to males and female gender, women are the
largest minority, due to these gender inequalities in the work force. It is also less likely that
a pregnant woman will be hired for a job. Employers think that pregnant
women get to emotional and are not able to handle responsibility because they
have different priorities.
Now let’s look in another point of view where
gender discrimination is view as good or positive towards the economic,
especially for employers, manager, and companies.
Gender inequality is good for economics. There sure are certain advantages of stereotyping based on
gender. It helps to get a general idea how a man or a woman can handle a
certain type of work or deal with a certain situation. This helps the owners of
businesses make the right decisions while hiring candidates or taking important
work-related decisions. We know that individuals, economies, and societies
would benefit from gender parity in the long term, gender inequality is often a
perfectly rational choice for individuals in the short term. A topical debate
in recent years has been the issue of female representation on boards. Company
boards around the world are predominantly made up of male executives, with a
very small proportion being female. Some of the negatives if the women’s become
the leader or the manager is there have been discussions about whether
women’s behavior in the workplace is affected by the hormonal changes. Both men
and women have equal hormonal challenges that sometimes impact their
decision-making skills and attitudes towards colleagues and subordinates at
work. Both can be tired, burnt out, frustrated, and stressed. However, women
tend to allow hormonal problems to reflect in their moods and behaviors at
work. Women face great hurdles to climb up the career ladders and they may pull
other competitive women down to retain the top most secured position in a job. Women bosses do depict tendencies of being
jealous and criticizing over time. One of the reason the employers hire more
male than females is women usually take more days off than men because of their
family or other personal problems. Employers always look for the long term.
Some of the women take part time job after a certain age which the employers
find very disappointing. Men usually possess a great self-confidence, and this helps
them be great leaders in their professional lives. When there is a debate or
group discussion, usually men are regarded as efficient speakers. They know how
to argue their point by presenting the facts of the situation and without
getting carried away by emotions easily. This makes them perfect for positions
where discussion and debates come into the everyday work. If an employer hired
some females who had a child, they going to be too much worried about their
babies and therefore not capable of taking care of work responsibilities.
Although the work ethic is there, some women is unable to finish a task as
quickly as a man can. The heavier burden is always put on a man’s
shoulder. Men always have the bigger responsibility and are much
more capable of making executive decisions during stressful times.
Salaries should always reflect who does the better and heavier job which means,
men will make more than women in the work environment.
From all the discussing
above, gender inequality is obviously an urgent problem in the world. Even
though its volume much decreases, it still exists and makes a lot of people
suffer its consequences every day. And there are many reasons leading to gender
discrimination which cannot be solved easily. Worldwide, most countries
recognize that equal rights should exist between men and women. However, some
countries are still against the equality. For example, in most of the Asians
countries people can see direct and indirect gender discrimination. India is
one of the country that give more priority to gender discrimination. Females
and males in India are agreeable to this discrimination. Gender discrimination
is allowed in their culture but now days the millennials are trying their best
to stop discrimination by striking and teaching the elder women to help them to
stop this gender discrimination. Most of the women’s in India are housewives.
Even if they have education they infrequently go to job. Any have produced
regulations intended to fight discrimination and programs granting women access
to health, education, and economic rights such as land ownership. However, the
fact remains that women have fewer opportunities than men to benefit from
economic development, with lower participation in the labor force. However,
with education and progressive thoughts of people, there are also reasons to
trust in the future of gender inequality being stopped. Then, hopefully, people
can live in fairness no matter what gender they are.
Gender inequality has come a
long way. It has gotten better because of education and laws put into place but
there is so much to improve on still. For continued development in gender
equality, women need to stand up for themselves. They are a huge part of
the task force and need to stand up for what they have confidence in. Women
also deserve to get waged as much as men if they are doing the same responsibilities.
They are just as educated as men are today and should be allowed to prove
themselves in any job situation and be given the same opportunities as men to
advance their positions. We have seen great paces in our society
regarding women in the work place, Hilary Clinton, Oprah, Mother Theresa,
Michelle Obama, and Indira Gandhi are all women in position of power. We
need to see more women taking control of their opportunities and prove they can
get the job done.