Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the word.
By- Nelson Mandela
The aim of education is the holistic development of an individual or in other words, education is a systematic process through which a person acquires knowledge, skill and sound attitude and it makes a person civilized. In India, Education system has various aspects. In ancient time, we had Gurukul where teacher and student used to live far from the home and the guru was the main persona. Under Mughals, the education was stiffed, favoring the elite class but the time evolution British brought the concept of the modern education system and reinforced these pre-existing elitist. Initially, they set up the Calcutta Madrassa and Fort Williams. Both the institution was designed to provide a regular supply of qualified Indians to help the administration of law in the courts of the company.
At the time of Independence literacy (12%) was one of the major issues for the government. The government decided to provide free education to all the children up to the age of 14. To converge the education, the government enforced the recommendations of Kothari Commission under ‘National Policy on Education’ in 1968. The main recommendation was universal primary education. The government introduced the new pattern of education, three language formulas, the introduction of regional language in higher education, development of agriculture and industrial education and adult education.
To combat the changing socio-economic needs of the country, the government of India announced a new National Policy on Education in 1986. Universalisation of primary education, vocationalisation of secondary and specialization of higher education were the main feature. National Council of Education and Training at National level and State Council of Educational Research and training at State level established to maintain the standard of education. University Grant Commission was established to determine the standard of higher education.
The enrollment ratio of children in the age group of 6-11 was 43% in 1951 and it becomes 100% in 2001. Primary education in India is free but dropout rate is still a big concern. As part of National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education with an objective to enhance enrolment, retention, and attendance and simultaneously improving nutritional level among children, Government is running Mid-Day-meal scheme since August 15, 1995.
Apart from this government has also launched some scheme such as; Shiksha Sahayog Yojana(launched in December 2001), Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (launched in 2001), Saakshar Bharat(launched in 2009), Kanya Saaksharta Protsahan Yojna, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Yojna.
The most important task in present scenario is to impart better and quality education. Children are the nation builder of future and to carve them as the good citizen we need to provide them a proper education so they can become the pillar of the nation’s growth. As the government is continuously working to provide better education but still it can not reach the grass root level that is why the government started promoting private education. But, there are coz and cons of it. Undoubtedly private education has increased the job opportunities by increasing the scope of admission in all level of education. But here, another problem has arisen. Most private institutes are now working for profit only where still a big number of student are still not able to take admission and the poor children are bound to go to schools who are not matching the standard of education. This has widened the gap between the poor and the rich. it is turning to be a great failure. Privatization has no doubt increased the quantity of schools but the quality is yet to be enhanced.
Obviously, the job opportunities have increased but salary has decreased. Job security and satisfaction have lost. There seems no freedom for innovations in teaching as the private schools have their own set rules, methods, which teachers have to follow. Many times, one has to obey the management where most of the members who are not qualified to fit into that position.
In the present era, we have to make our foundation vigorous that is from the elementary school system to higher learning institution. For this, we can adopt some certain measure.
• To pay proper wages to the teachers.
• There should be no samvida sikshak/ Siksha mitra and many more such post, which are not permanent and low paid, in order to maintain the standard.
• Proper tracking of the teaching-learning practices in the schools to ensure the quality.
• Teacher, government school should work to bring the name up so that people will get encouraged to send their children in the government school.
Education is not all about knowledge or information. It should not only be limited to the social and economic perspective. In fact, it is a training of mind and a training of spirit. It should aim to impart both knowledge and wisdom where an individual can also make the harmony between its culture and time. In the present time, to eradicate the problem from grass root level, the government needs to take responsibility for the overall development of the basic infrastructure of Higher Education sector, both in terms of policy and planning. Under a planned development process, the Department looks after expansion of access and qualitative improvement in the Higher Education, through world-class Universities, Colleges, and other Institutions. In order to reduce the expenditure government should work in the field of technology so that education can make its reach to every individual. For the holistic development of society, Education should reach to the student if he or she is not able to access.