Environment, Disease and Crime in Egypt


It is notable that environmental problems, diseases and criminal activities affect the development process in a country. Indeed, an environmental problem, which distorts people’s ability to gain livelihoods eventually, affects their well-being. Similarly, the prevalence of diverse diseases in Egypt limits the citizens’ ability to attain sound health. This eventually causes the demise of monumental proportions of citizens or their reduced productivity. It emerges that criminal offences in Egypt is elevated thus affecting progress.

These crimes emanate from individuals and forces taking advantage of compromised security to execute various activities. These affect Egypt directly or obliquely. Investigating the diverse predicaments in Egypt’s environmental status, disease prevalence and crime activities constitute this paper. Consequently, the paper offers an overview of these aspects. It equally focuses on the concerns and identifies the probable effects on Egypt development. It ends by summarizing different vital issues.

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Overview of Environment, Disease and Crime in Egypt

Environmental predicaments in Egypt entail mainly water insufficiency and degradation of land. It is observable that the Nile water in Egypt has persistently continued as an opinionated problem for many decades. Soil salinity causes diminished productivity thus necessitating adoption of unreasonable farming tactics that escalated land degradation (Rubio, 2009).

Undoubtedly, the climate change vagaries also worsen the environmental predicaments suffered in Egypt. The diseases, which appear a humdrum in Egypt, include certain transferable diseases. Furthermore, diverse food related diseases and waterborne maladies also exist (CDC, 2011). Egypt faces limited vector borne maladies including “Rift Valley fever”. Additionally, Egypt citizens’ also suffer ailments, which emanate from gaining contact with water.

In terms of criminal activities, it emerges that Egypt faces escalated criminal occurrences. Criminal actions including bombings, murders, gun battles, and religious wars affect the country. Most offences occur on streets and at remote countryside. Furthermore, it appears that a certain wave of transgressions has hit Egypt because of police absence thus augmenting insecurity (Kirkpatrick, 2011). It is obvious that these challenges facing Egypt hampers progress thus stalling her economy.

Environmental Concerns in Egypt

The environmental predicaments facing Egypt includes water scarcity. It appears that Egypt is needy on the Nile, which they use diverse purposes. Water insufficiency emanates from the notion that the dry conditions in Egypt limit peoples’ ability to access this precious resource (Rubio, 2009).

This has augmented water-related maladies among the citizens. It is also notable that land degradation affects Egypt expansively. The degradation originates from diverse unreasonable farming techniques, which apparently humiliates land. These techniques include over utilization of fertilizer and reliance on irrigation (Rubio, 2009).

The sandy nature of Egypt’s soils causes salinity, which necessitate continued application of fertilizers thus degrading land further. Great erosions also occur causing more degradation (Rubio, 2009).

This occurs because wind carries the soil transporting them to diverse regions. Water erosion also occurring in the Northern regions of Egypt causes unprecedented degradations to land. The peoples’ livelihoods are profoundly affected by these ecological concerns. Climate change also appears to affect Egypt because of the observable water insufficiency (Rubio, 2009).

This originates from continued drought conditions apparently caused by alterations occurring in the climate. Lands, which appear cultivable, continue to shrink because of the biting climate changes. Egypt also faces predicaments of sea level elevations, which causes occasional flooding thus affecting property (Pallister, 2004).

Egypt also suffers pollution related environmental predicaments created by individuals and companies compromising water quality atmospheric air health. The acts of disposing substances emanating from diverse manufacturing industries significantly lower the aesthetic value of land (Pallister, 2004).

This scenario has augmented chances of attracting environmental diseases, which affects well-being of citizens. Peoples’ interaction with their surroundings’ predisposes them to harmful and noxious substances, which appears dangerous to their existence (Pallister, 2004).

Diseases Concerns in Egypt

Egypt contains food-related together with water borne ailments attracted through eating diverse foods and consuming polluted water. They include strains of hepatitis and typhoid, which cause the demise of citizens (CDC, 2011).

The country’s vector borne ailments, which affect people occasionally causes deaths. Malaria cases appear to cause citizens deaths under untreated conditions. Dengue fever is common in urban surroundings’. Yellow fever also exists in the country resulting to the demise of citizens (CDC, 2011). Egypt has African trypanosomiasis and plague, which also endangers lives of citizens.

Diseases, which emanate from contact with water, include leptospirosis, which distress people and animals. It arises from contact with animal urine. Schistomiasis also caused by snails affects people urinary together with intestinal tracts. Animal contact ailment rabies, which also impinges on the cerebral part of peoples’ body, emanates from animal bites (CDC, 2011).

Criminal Activities Concerns in Egypt

Egypt enjoyed almost a crime free environment over long periods before the people’s power rebellion of ousted former president Mubarak. It is notable that originally serious crimes centered on bombings, which terrorists executed (U.S Department of State, 2011). Egypt has sustained criminal bombings occurring in different areas in the country thus causing the demise of magnanimous proportions of citizens’.

The most notable bombings emanate from religiously instigated attacks executed by Islam loyalists targeting Christians. These bombings eventually ends lives of non-Egyptians found at bombed locations (U.S Department of State, 2011). It also appears that kidnappings escalate in Egypt with possible killing of victims, confiscating possessions, and paying ransoms. Terrorist attacks directed at crowds also increases notably during holidays.

The observed escalating lawlessness created opportunities for executing criminal activities. This lawlessness resulted from police absence because after the rebellion of leadership offered by former president Mubarak. Criminal occurrences increased sharply thus affecting sections of the citizens (Kirkpatrick, 2011).

Huge proportions of escapees from prisons access deadly weapons, which they use to bully people within Egypt. The surfacing of vigilante groups, which terminate people’s lives, causes more crimes. Religious clashes also escalate crimes as Muslims battle Christians for with intents of filling vacuums in leadership (U.S Department of State, 2011). The criminal activities associated with the revolution include robberies, killings, kidnappings, shootings, and destroying belongings.

Effects of Environment, Disease and Crime Concerns on Development in Egypt

It is prominent that environmental problems limit development in Egypt to lesser levels. Egypt, which contains water insufficiency and land humiliation problems still, continues to develop (Pallister, 2004). Egypt uses the Nile waters to implement expansive irrigation initiatives, which apparently enable her raise magnanimous harvests. This facilitates her efforts to avail food for the betterment of her citizens’ livelihoods.

The problems originating from environment have enabled Egypt to shift focus on facilitating progress through motivating productions from diverse sectors. Similarly, Egypt contains attractive resources, which gains use in spurring economic progress (Pallister, 2004). The country ought to establish equilibrium between the escalating travelers’ marketplaces with her citizens’ fundamental needs.

Egypt’s disease problems have little effects on development because of the notion that they do not present huge challenges requiring magnanimous expenditures to alleviate. However, diseases may diminish progresses in Egypt through straining the economy during serious ailments outbreaks. It is noteworthy that Egypt continues spurring its development through integrating diverse aspects initiated to handle diseases.

Criminal occurrences in Egypt have associated with the revolution badly affected the economy. It is notable that lawlessness infiltrated work surroundings’ as people engaged in protests and sit-ins demanding improved work rewards and conditions. These emerged harmful to the productivity thus diminishing the outputs emanating from producing companies (Kirkpatrick, 2011).

Crime within Egypt and insecurity also appear to worry tourists and investors. This affects the economic status and hampers availing employment opportunities. Killings resulting from criminal actions also limit human resource availability for Egypt. In some scenarios, people possessing abilities to spur development die thus making Egypt deficient of important brains. Bombings also causes property destruction, which reduces progresses already attained (Kirkpatrick, 2011).


In summary, Egypt has diverse environmental problems, diseases and criminal occurrences, which influence progress. The environmental predicaments mainly occurring in Egypt entails water insufficiency, land concerns, pollution, erosion, and sea level elevations. It appears that Egypt enjoys lucrative progress amid the environmental challenges. Diseases, which appear prevalent, also include infectious ailments.

The country exudes ailments emanating from contact with water and foods. Vector borne ailments also emerge from bites sustained by citizens’ thus compromising their well-being. Criminal activities in Egypt escalated because of police absence during the post Mubarak ousting. The citizens’ created lawlessness which availed opportunities for criminals to strike. These predicaments affect development differently. Crime is the worst threat to progress for Egypt because of its insecurity creations.


CDC. (2011). Health Information for Travelers to Egypt. Retrieved from http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/egypt.htm#diseases

Kirkpatrick, D. (2011). Crime Wave in Egypt Has People Afraid, Even the Police. The New York Times.

Pallister, J. (2004). Egypt. London: Evans Brothers.

Rubio, J. (2009). Water Scarcity, Land Degradation and Desertification in the Mediterranean Region: Environmental and Security Aspects. Dordrecht: Springer.

U.S Department of State. (2011). Egypt: Country Specific Information. Retrieved from http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1108.html


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