Firstly ga-lumph-ing back.”(20) Jabberwocky also uses onomatopoeia; this

Firstly looking at the poem
‘Jabberwocky’ which was originally
published in the 1871 book ‘Through the Looking-Glass’, and ‘what Alice
Found There’ by Lewis Carroll. This was later followed by its well known
companion piece, ‘Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland’. ‘Jabberwocky’ is the basis for the hugely
popular Disney movie ‘Alice in Wonderland’.
Lewis Carroll
created this fantasy world through the use of clever sonic devices and
ridiculous vocabulary. Jabberwocky is a nonsense
poem where the words are mostly chosen or made up for their sound, rather than their sense.

Ballad stanza is traditionally found in folk ballad, and is used as a
way for people to communicate legends and stories to each other; because of this
its rhythm and rhyme make it easy to remember. Even though it has some rather bizarre
made up language, “Jabberwocky” is no exception to the memorable
rhythm and rhyme. “Jabberwocky” remains one of the most frequently
memorised poems in the English language. When looking closely at Ballad
Stanza’s in this poem, we see it is written solely in quatrains, four-line
stanzas, that have a regular ABAB, CDCD, EFEF rhyme scheme. The lines
themselves are mostly written in iambic
tetrameter. That’s a lot of syllables, so looking at the first lines
with the accents we see “Twas brill-ig,
and the sli-thy toves”(1) and “Did gyre and gim-ble
in the wabe”(2). There are four stressed syllables
in each line, and they alternate neatly with unstressed syllables, with the
unstressed syllable coming first. This is the iambic tetrameter. The iambic
bit refers to the unstressed-STRESSED, unstressed-STRESSED rhythm of it, and
the tetrameter part is to let you know that there are four iambs (or
four unstressed-STRESSED groupings) in each line. The only irregularity in the
rhythm itself is the fact that the last line of each stanza only has three stresses, making it iambic trimester, as we see in line 20 “and
went ga-lumph-ing back.”(20)

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Jabberwocky also uses onomatopoeia; this refers to a word that sounds like
what it means such as ‘wizz’ and ‘hiss’. An example
of this in Lewis Carroll’s poem is the word ‘slithy'(25).  This word is not only an example of onomatopoeia; it is also an example of
portmanteau. Portmanteau is a
word that’s made by squashing two words together, in this case lithe and slimy. So we have a word that
not only sounds slimy, but is also
graceful, because of the inclusion of lithe
(which can mean graceful”). Both the sound and the word combined give this
new word force and depth of meaning. The words ‘snicker-snack'(18) are also an
example of Carroll’s use of onomatopoeia.

Assonance which is the repetition of a Vowel sound in two or
more stressed syllables that do not end with the same consonant is also seen
within the poem, such as ‘gimble’ and ‘mimsy’ (2,3). Consonance, the repetition of significant
Consonant sounds in a line of poetry is also used by Lewis Carroll in Jabberwocky “Come to my arms, my beamish
boy!”(22).

The speaker, our narrator does not give anything away as to who he
is, but he takes great pleasure in the suspense of storytelling, building us up
and telling us with great relish this story of mighty victory, before setting
us gently down where we started.

We are in Wonderland for this poem. Our setting is nowhere real;
the author has complete control over what happens because he has completely made
up the setting. We’re in a strange wood at first, with strange creatures and
plants whose physical forms are left nearly entirely to our imagination. Then,
we move on to a more domestic scene, where a father is giving advice to his
son. For the climactic moments of the poem, the hero moves back out into the
woods, deeper and darker this time, and comes face-to-face with his nemesis. After
the battle, towards the end, we return to the domestic, in a scene of
celebration, and then finally we return to where we came from, with the same
strange pastoral that has been forever altered by the battle between good and
evil.

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