In and sheds blood, while we declare Your

In Islam leadership is essential in
building and developing an organization or association. The failure or success
of an organization is largely determined by the characteristics and styles of
leaders of the organization. Leadership in Islam is a mandate that must be
implemented to ensure the continuity of the messenger brought by the Prophet.
In Surah Al Baqarah verse 30, Allah said:

?????? ????? ???????
??????????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????
??? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????
???? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????? – 2:30

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And mention, O Muhammad, when your
Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive
authority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption
therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?”
Allah said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.”

This clearly shows that Allah S.W.T. naturally (nature) creates humanity
to manage all the treasures and creatures that exist on the land, in the ocean
or in the air. And human nature also loves to live in society and need each
other and lead and lead each other. Rasulullah s.a.w. said that means:

Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
said: When three are on a journey, they should appoint one of them as their
commander. (Sunan Abu Daud fi Kitab Al Jihad Book 8)

When human beings have been commissioned by Allah S.W.T. as a manager,
then if it is deeply rooted in the job it is a responsibility (trust) that must
be borne by mankind. And at the same time each responsibility will be accounted
for by God S.W.T. in the hereafter in line with the Prophet s.a.w. which means:

??? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????
???? ????? ???: ????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? ?????????…

“Every one of you is a leader and
each of you must be responsible for your leadership”.

In Islamic Shariah, leadership is mentioned specially by the word
Khilafa and Imama. Though there remain another words used as the meaning of a
Leader in various Islamic verses and speeches such as Amir-ul-Muminin, Amir,
Ja`eem, Sayyid, Qa`eed, Malik, Sheikh and others, but yet the words mentioned
earlier are the most famous and most important in describing the state of leadership.
With some differences in practice all of these words are used interchangeably
to indicate a leader. Muslim thinkers of the modern era differentiate among
these synonymous words.

Leadership is an important element to achieve success and to establish
peace and happiness in society. Islam always tries to make sure the rule of the
best on every sphere of life, individual or social. For this, it elaborately
declares the qualities and pre-conditions needed for an ideal leader. Islamic
Shariah composed of the authoritative source of Al Qura?an and the Sunnah,
along with the Islamic Fiqh has given the direction. The attributes of the
righteous caliphs also helps us to determine the required qualities to select a
leader for the Muslim Ummah.


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