In believes that honor has the ability to

In William Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s Chronicle of a Death Foretold, there is an overlying theme of religion throughout the stories. Hamlet faces many obstacles after discovering the death of his father and previous king was due to his uncle and looks for guidance from the spirit of his deceased father. In Marquez’s story, Santiago is murdered by two brothers after supposedly stealing their younger sisters virginity before she is to be married to her husband. Both authors believe that religion has a powerful, unseen control over man, however, Marquez believes that honor has the ability to make people go against their religious values while Shakespeare constructs the idea that revenge influences one’s action more than anything else. Shakespeare and a Marquez agree that religion impacts the characters and sways them to make certain decisions in order to stay true to their values and beliefs. Hamlet contemplates suicide after faced with the knowledge that his uncle killed his father. Hamlet’s fear pushes him over the edge and he believes that death would be the easy way out. In the end of the soliloquy where he discusses dying, Hamlet decides to not commit suicide because of his need to comply with the orders of his God. He exemplifies this when he says, “Or that the Everlasting had not fix’d His canon ‘gainst self-slaughter! O God! God! How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable, Seem to me all the uses of this world! Fie on’t! ah fie! ’tis an unweeded garden” (Hamlet, I.2,131-135). Religion and his devotion to God forces him to see that he would be committing a sin and wouldn’t reach heaven if he decided to take his own life. Similarly, Bayardo follows his religious beliefs when he returns Angela to her house in the dead of night when he learns she is not a virgin. During the time period, women had to be virgins in order to be considered eligible to wed because they were “pure” and “unsoiled”. After finding out another man took Angela’s virginity, Bayardo pushes “his wife into the house without speaking a word,” (46) and leaves her. Even though they had the ceremony and party celebrating their marriage, the communities and Bayardo’s  religious values allow him to drop her after learning she lied to him. Both of these examples demonstrate that religion in both of these stories is conveyed to have some degree of power on influencing  people’s actions. While religion plays a large role in affecting a person’s decisions and actions, Marquez believes that honor can override all religious values in the end, especially if it is a cultural norm and is pressed by the community. In Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet is continuously given opportunities to kill King Claudius avenge his father, however, he makes up excuses and claims he needs to know if the ghost is truthful before killing him, even though he knows in his gut what the ghost, his father’s spirit, is being honest with him. While on the other hand, the Vicario brothers in Marquez’s story only delay killing Santiago for a couple hours. While they do experience moments of reluctance and appear to want someone to stop them after numerous  people, “coincided in the impression that the only reason the brothers had said their decision to kill Santiago was so that someone would come over to hear them,” (57),  they stay true to their plan and dispatch Santiago. They claim that “Honor is love,” (97), and that they had to murder Santiago in order to defend their sister’s and their families honor because Santiago took Angela’s virginity. Even though taking another person’s life is a sin, the Vicario brothers assassinate Santiago and admit to it right after with little to no remorse. Protecting and defending a family’s honor belongs to the men of the house. Since the Vicario brothers were required to take Santiago’s life because of the need to defend their sister and her innocence and because of pressure from others in the community, they acted much more decisively than Hamlet. While Marquez believes that honor is the most influential factor in a person’s decision making process, Shakespeare thinks that choices are driven by the need for revenge. When brought out to the lookout posts at night, Hamlet encounters a ghost of his father that encourages Hamlet to,  “Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder.” (1.5.31). Hamlet is motivated by the need to revenge his father’s death throughout the entirety of the story after speaking to his father’s spirit.  After learning his uncle is responsible for the previous kings murder, he tells himself that he must kill Claudius for what he has done. Also, his desire to kill Claudius is spurred on when he marries his mother and the ghost further justifies the murder, “Let not the royal bed of Denmark be A couch for luxury and damned incest (Hamlet, I .5, 82-83). The recently passed king makes Hamlet see that the kingdom would be better off without Claudius.  While some may argue that the desire for revenge drives certain characters in Chronicles of a Death Foretold, like when Angela describes her mother finding out that she wasn’t a virgin when saying, “…she was holding me by the hair with one hand and beating me with the other…”(46). However, Angela’s mother was cruel to her because she tarnished their families honor and embarrassed them all. While she is upset about the ruined prospects of her beautiful daughter no longer being able to marry a wealthy man, she is more concerned about their families distinction in the community and how they are perceived. Shakespeare demonstrates that while religion influences many of the decisions Hamlet makes throughout the play, the need for revenge is what keeps him going towards his goals. In conclusion, while both authors seem to agree that religion plays a large role in how a choice is made by a person, Marquez believes honor can overrule religious beliefs, while Shakespeare displays his opinion that revenge motivates one’s decision process the most. After Hamlet discovers his father was murdered by his uncle, he is set on avenging his death, however, the Vicario brothers kill Santiago out of honor for their family.