In systematic incorporation of gender perspectives in formal

In December 2003, the Division for the
Advancement of Women, in collaboration with the Department of
Political Affairs and the Office of the Special Adviser on Gender
Issues developed a framework of model provisions on promoting gender
equality providing a set of standards for mediators, facilitators and
funding entities involved in preparing peace agreements. Indigenous
women play a unique role in conflict resolution as mediators and
peace builders. The contribution of the indigenous women was
acknowledged by UN which advocated further to integrate the special
concerns, priorities and contributions of indigenous women in all
aspects of conflict prevention, peace-building and post-conflict
reconstruction. The women’s movement has made major contributions
to building partnerships for peace. In Azerbaijan, Colombia, the
Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Great Lakes Region, Liberia,
the Middle East, Nepal, Northern Ireland and Somalia, women have
worked collaboratively across ethnic and religious lines to make
valuable contributions to peace processes. A lesson learned from the
peace negotiations in Liberia is that women need to receive early
support and training in order to facilitate their active
participation in the negotiation of peace agreements. There are also
a number of regional and international efforts to support women as
peacemakers, for example the Mano River Women’s Peace Network,
which was awarded the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human
Rights in 2003 and the Women’s International League for Peace and
Freedom. While the impact of the contribution of women to informal
peace processes is well known, obstacles to their participation and
to the systematic incorporation of gender perspectives in formal
peace processes remain. The number of women who participate in formal
peace processes remains small. The leadership of parties in conflict
is male-dominated and men are chosen to participate at the peace
table. The desire to bring peace at any cost may result in a failure
to involve women and consider their needs and concerns. The most
significant progress in the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000)
has been made in the peacekeeping arena. The Special Committee on
Peacekeeping Operations has increasingly paid attention to issues
concerning women, peace and security and has advocated for
implementation of the resolution. In 2000, there was minimal mention
of gender issues in peacekeeping mandates and only two gender
advisers were assigned to peacekeeping operations.

Today, gender concerns are raised in
all new peacekeeping mandates and there are 10 full-time gender
adviser positions in 17 peacekeeping operations, including those in:
Afghanistan, Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of
the Congo, Kosovo (Serbia and Montenegro), Haiti, Liberia, Sierra
Leone and Timor-Leste as well as in the advance mission in the Sudan.
Every new multidimensional peacekeeping operation created since 2000
has included gender advisers. In 2003, the creation of a post of
gender adviser at the Headquarters level within the Department of
Peacekeeping Operations was approved by the Member States. The gender
advisers work primarily as a catalyst in supporting the mainstreaming
of gender perspectives in all offices of the UN and provide on-going
support, policy and operational guidance to gender advisers in the
field and capture and disseminate lessons learned and best practices
related to gender and peacekeeping. Gender units and advisers in
peacekeeping operations work to provide technical guidance to the
heads of operations, to ensure increased efforts to mainstream gender
perspectives into all functional areas of peacekeeping and to
increase the participation of women leaders and organizations in the
implementation of the mandate of the operation. Therefore the
incorporation of gender perspectives from the inception of a mandate
is crucial. Gender Advisers participation in the inter-agency
assessment missions before the development of the mandates of
operations in Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Haiti and Liberia, have
yielded in better reflection of gender issues prior to the
establishment of peacekeeping operations in these four countries.
Training of military, civilian police
and civilian peacekeeping personnel on the protection, rights and
particular needs of women, as well as the importance of involving
women in all peacekeeping functions, has received considerable
attention from Member States, the United Nations and civil society.
Canada and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
have developed a gender training initiative for military and civilian
personnel involved in peace support operations that educates
personnel on the topic of gender issues. Several other countries,
including Argentina, Australia, Germany and Switzerland have taken
measures to incorporate gender perspectives in training for personnel
involved in peace support operations.The Department of Peacekeeping
Operations (DPKO) has focused on the training materials on
mainstreaming gender perspectives into their daily work. In 2003,
DPKO developed gender awareness training materials for use in
pre-deployment and induction training for military and civilian
police personnel. In 2004, “Gender Resource Package for
Peacekeeping Operations”, providing guidance on gender issues in
the various functional areas covered by multidimensional peacekeeping
operations was developed by DPKO. In addition, the United Nations
Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) conducted training on
women and children for civilian personnel in peacekeeping operations
in Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Democratic Republic of
the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kosovo (Serbia and Montenegro) and

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Canada and the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland have developed a gender
training initiative for military and civilian personnel involved in
peace support operations that educates personnel on the topic of
gender issues- search for the material and see
studies of relevance and success in implementing the above


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