Introduction uneconomical sizes. The potential of this sector

Introduction

Kandara
is a town located in Murang’a County. As per the (KNBS, 2013),
Kandara had a total population of 156,663 people in 2013 which consists of
80,828 female and 75,835 male. The higher female population in relation to male
is attributed to high male emigration to other counties and towns in search of
employment and business opportunities. Kandara constituency has the highest
population density of 664 persons per Km2 in Murang’a County.

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Administrative and Political Units

Administratively,
Kandara occupies a total area of 235.9 square kilometres. It has one subcounty,
3 divisions and 9 locations. Kandara also has 6 Electoral wards.

Alice
Wahome is the Member of Parliament for the Kandara Constituency.

 

Climatic Conditions

The
western climatic region has an equatorial type of climate. The long rains fall
in the months of March, April and May. The highest amount of rainfall is
recorded in the month of April, and reliability of rainfall during this month
is very high. The short rains are received during the months of October and
November. The western region is generally wet and humid due to the influence of
the Aberdares and Mt. Kenya.

 

Economic Status

1.      Industries

Kandara
Constituency does not have big manufacturing industries. However there are
several agro processing factories. Kandara has one Tea processing plant, 34
Coffee processing plants and 1 Milk processing plant.

Most
of the industries are agro based industries with coffee being the leading
followed by tea factories. Most of the factories produce semi- finished
products which are exported to other counties and internationally as raw
materials and therefore do not fetch optimum prices.

Therefore
there is need for the factories to refine and package the end products so that
there is optimum returns and creation of more employment opportunities in the
county. The constituency has potential for more industries like those mentioned
above, especially mangoes, bananas and milk processing factories. The other
potential areas are in pottery, where clay soil is exported to other counties
instead of making finished product of clay for export.

2.      Employment and Other Sources of Income

The
sector however faces numerous challenges from increasing population and
sub-division of land to uneconomical sizes. The potential of this sector to
absorb more labor force is expected to decline and it is therefore important
that diversification of sources of income and value addition of agricultural
produce through processing is promoted and encouraged.

a)      Wage
Earners

Wage
earners in the county are mainly employed on casual basis either temporarily or
seasonally with no job guarantee or security.

b)      Self
Employed

The
self-employed are categorized as rural self-employed. The self-employment
opportunities are expanding with the expansion of towns and market centers in
the county due to rural urban migration.

c)      Labor
Force

The
biggest challenge for this group is to create adequate and gainful employment
opportunities.

d)     Unemployment
Levels

The
county should therefore strive to reduce the unemployment rate by adopting
policies and programs that are labor intensive

 

Rural and Urban Settlements Settlements

Muranga
County displays very dense rural settlements in which land subdivision into
narrow strips of land are very common. Since most of the county consists of
ridges and valleys, land parcels are mostly subdivided in such a way that each
parcel has access to a road on one side and a river/stream on the opposite
side.

Kandara
is one of the major shopping centers. The wholesalers mostly deal with consumer
and hardware products while retail traders, who are in both rural and urban
areas, deal mainly with food products. The population of the town consists
mainly of a young population with more than 50% of the people being below the
age of 30 years. (KNBS, 2013)

 

 

 

Water and Sanitation in the county

Murang’a
South Water and Sanitation Company (Muswasco)

Kandara
water scheme

1.      Thika
River

2.      Kiriciungu
river

3.      10
Boreholes

Kandara
Constituency currently has no sewerage system, some of its latrines are
partially treated and only nearly close to 50% of the people are served.

 

Projects

There
are various projects in the constituency and can be categorized as; ongoing and
new projects.

a.       Ongoing
Projects

The
rehabilitation of the Old Kandara Ward/Sub County Agricultural Office to
increase the assistance towards the farmers and improve work environment in the
current office.

Activities
involved will be painting and partitioning of the offices.

 

Project:
Completion of Kagumoini horticulture horticulture grading shed

The
grading shed will promote banana farming in the region.

The
activities involved will be fencing.

 

Project:
Completion of constituency water pans

The
constituency water pans will promote water harvesting for food security in the
area.

The
activities involved will be excavation and commissioning of community water
dams

 

b.      Proposed
Projects

Project:
Construction of New County Agricultural Offices (Kandara SCAO office)

This
will improve the work environment and increase the number of farmers that will
be assisted.

 

Project:
New mega water pans /dams

This
will increase the water harvested and improve on the current food security.