Introduction used scientifically to preserve various biological specimens.

Introduction   Teen drinking is linked to alcoholism because their cognitive development is not at a stage that can determine falsities or reality based elements. This is because they are not fully developed mentally (https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa63/aa63.htm). At a young age alcohol can and alter the basic natural transferences of child to adolescents by means of chemical changes in the mind and body ( ie dopeman).  Media influences these elements by promoting the use of drugs and alcohol in those who maintain a mentally, financially and sexually successfully lifestyle under the influence or floating close to it. The health benefits of drinking are contrasted by the large amount of socially accepted overuse and the positive aspects associated with it portrayed in media. When settlers came from europe to colonize this now North American continent they bring their customs and taste for alcohol along with them. Beers and wines were part of family life and considered alcohol to be the “Creature of God”. In fact fortunes were amassed by producers of alcoholic beverages.  The Composition of Alcohol  Alcohol is an organic compound comprised of the hydraulic function group bound to a saturated carbon atom. The name “Alcohol” is referred from the name “Ethanol Alcohol which is the main active ingredient in alcoholic drinks (“Chemical Makeup of Alcohol, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol”). The -ol suffix appears in all substances where the hydroxyl group is the highest priority, ie alcoholic beverages. This is is defined by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry”, the IUPAC. All substances under this category will appear in this index. Other substances like sugars can contain functioning hydroxyl groups without using the suffix like sugars, glucose and sucrose are two examples. Depending on the corresponding alkali context the name of the end product will differentiate. This is where different types of alcohol and the corresponding names come from.   Types of Alcohol   -Propanol Alcohol (a primary alcohol)     -Isopropyl Alcohol (a secondary alcohol)  -Cyclohexanol (a secondary alcohol)   -Isobutyl Alcohol (a primary alcohol)  -Methylpropan Alcohol (a tertiary alcohol)    Most known alcohols have a distinct odor that is easily recognizable.    Uses and Applications  Alcohol has a worldwide history of different uses and applications. It used as fuel, medical areas, industrial uses and as a beverage.   Antifreeze: Commonly includes %50 by volume a solution of ethylene and glycol in water.   Medical: Ethanol is used as an antiseptic to disinfect skin areas before injections are administered. This can be used in conjunction with iodine. Ethanol based soaps are becoming commonly used in the food production industry.    Alcohol Fuel: Some alcohols like ethanol and alcohol can be used as a combustible fuel.   Preservative: Alcohol is used scientifically to preserve various biological specimens.   Solvent: Some types of alcohol ares used as solvents in the science field.   Alcohol occurs naturally under certain circumstances but it is typically a man made and created substance. Historic records determined that the first experiments involving alcoholic beverages were delivered by a Persian philosopher “Rhazes” in the year 854-925 CE.  The discovery of natural fermenting fruits and the effect of wildlife then subsequently human beings is what most likely what stirred his interest.   Underage Drinking   Under age drinking is a seriouse health problem. Alcohol is a widely used substance of abuse in  society. More than half of north american youths 12-20 have tried alcohol. Under age drinking is risky beacyuse of the in the physical immaturity of the user and the underdeveloped cognitive ability they possess. Drinking at a young age can lead to illness, car accidents, violent and or indecent behavior, and other health consequences. The average age for children to have their first drink is 11-13 years old, or in many cases much much younger. Young member of society who began using alcohol before the age of 21 are more likely to engage in many dangerous and thoughtless acts.   -Unprotected sex -Attempt Suicide -Be involved in violent acts or behaviour -Develop alcohol problems later in life  The developing years of 18-25 are a time of considerable change for young people. Their minds and bodies are going through chemical and physical changes. These are the years teens start to venture out into the world on their own, moving out, attending college and being exposed to new social trends some involving alcohol use. Factors that influence when a young person will begin to start using alcohol can include race, genetics, mental health problems, personality traits, family and peer influence and gender (men are more likely to drink heavier than women).   Dangers of Underage Drinking   The large number of teens drinking means a negative effect on future developments, especially because alcoholism can be a genetic trait, it can be passed down through generations. The active molecule in beverage alcoholic drinks can actually change and alter one’s dna and genetic makeup. Alcohol is also a major factor in automobile accidents, it can have lasting health effects and is also a common factor in sexual assaults and rape. Teen women who drink face different dangers than males. Girls are more likely to use alcohol to escape emotional problems. They are more likely to drink to escape family problems, then because of peer pressure. Teen girls who use alcohol are more likely to have unprotected sex, putting them at risk for sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy.  A common problem with young drinkers is the act of drinking to excess or “binge drinking”. Binge drinking can have many negative effects that far outweigh the supposed positive feelings the user is coerced into believing will come from this action. This counts as 5 or more drinks for males and 4 or more for females. When high amounts of alcohol is taken at once the user can experience blackouts, memory loss, or violence. Many young adults do understand this and drink responsibly or not at all. Young people who enjoy indulging in binge drinking can succumb to public embarrassment at social events.   (“https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/special-populations-co-occurring-disorders/underage-drinking”)    Alcoholism  Alcohol, a socially accepted, studied, refined, popular and common legal drug, distributed and consumed in most countries worldwide. Unlike other drug/chemical addictions alcohol offers confusion to the user and society as a whole. The generalization of its use and acceptance in various situations is portrayed in the media, blurring the line if there is one determining what if any is considered safe and accepted use of alcohol. Keeping this in mind remember that the distribution of alcohol has been used as a chemical weapon in past historic events militaristically to destabilize civilizations during several time periods. (“Drugs in Modern Society” Charles R. Carroll page 123 chapter 4)   The effects of alcoholism is common knowledge. Since (the year and inventor is is )** alcohol has been between legal and illegal similar to tobacco. Unlike other narcotics, alcohol can and is marketed with an attractive and sexual in nature connotations.(Drugfacts Young People.com)The colonists used alcohol to destabilize the indian or indigenous population and build what we currently know as western society(The 8Th Fire CBC). Think of alcohol, how is it released?, what percentage becomes addicted or dependent? What other mitigating factors determine addiction rates and dependence?   When the substance ethanol is consumed humans brain’s chemistry is altered. The chemical messengers “neurotransmitters send electric signals to your body, altering behaviour and emotions. These changes depend on how much and how fast it’s absorbed into to stomach and small intestines. “The National Institutes of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism”  outlines mitigating factors that determine the extent of alcohol effects on the human brain.   -How much and how often one consumes alcohol -The age of the user when “they took their first drink” and how long they continue to consume alcohol -The users age, sex, racial dna background and family history of related alcoholism  -Whether or not the user is at risk of parental alcohol use -General health issues     (https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa63/aa63.htm)                      Human Brain- Showing regions vulnerable to alcoholism related abnormalities  Alcohol has been used by humans for various reasons for centuries. Beer, wine, spirits all were discovered by man spontaneously through history. What makes alcohol unique is its social acceptance. Alcohol is considered a social drug, with the potential for serious abuse. Alcoholic beverages are conveyed as a temporary mood elevator or modifier with desirable effects, and then depicted as a rampant dangerous disease with immoral negative outcomes. Alcohols is shown to be cool or sexy, then shown to have  a detrimental effects and consequences. These mixed attitudes are the core element contributing to alcoholism and alcohol related problems (“Drugs in Modern Society third edition”).   The general ideas behind the positive effects of alcohol:   -Necessary for a happy and full life -Makes the user sophisticated and regal (ie using distinguished characters to sell or promote alcoholic beverages.) -Alcohol improves thought and social performance  -Drinking is depicted as a necessary part of male bonding and masculinity   As long as these perceptions continue to be accepted, negative alcohol related use and issues will continue to arise. In the same breath we warn children about alcohol use and abuse then sip cocktails at parties. When a child comes home drunk his parents are pleased he was not one marijuana or other illegal drugs.   -There is no general consensus of whether or not drinking is good or bad.  -There are no strict controls for alcohol use or abuse (you are allowed to be an alcoholic and it is simple to do so) -There is no standard of what is proper moderation of use. This can be mitigated and determined by the user. How often or much they drink and the time or place they are consuming  Society finds drunk antics funny. The same is not for the person who uses needle drugs, or is experiencing drug psychosis from smoking crystal meth. Does the reaction society has toward alcohol use aid in its abuse? American Prohibition started on january 16th 1920 when the set the 8th amendment was put in effect. This lasted until it was repealed by the 21th amendment on December 1933, 13 years later. Today alcohol is still smuggled even though it is legal in most places. In an effort to avoid paying taxes liquor is still trafficked to and from certain areas. The United Kingdom reports an estimated 900 million pounds loss of tax revenue from smuggling activities. The drink known as “Absinthe” was smuggled into the United States until it was made legal.  Some cuban rums are also smuggled in violating the enacted embargo in 1960.    Problem Drinking  Heavy use of alcohol in combination with escape drinking are often the precursor to problem drinking. Society promotes the ability to “hold one’s liquor” as a form of strength or manliness. Society also oks the use of alcohol to escape reality when confronted with personal issues.  Popular media icons use alcohol and condon its use through music, popular television shows and films and classic heroes or characters. (ie.James Bond and his famous quote “Shaken not Stirred”, Homer Simpson and favorite drink “Duff Beer”, indigenous comedy shows such as “The Trailer Park Boys” and Mr. Lahey’s love of hard liquor. These media influences affect our view of alcoholism.   Conclusion  Alcohol can be enjoyed and used responsibly. Understanding the effects and dangers can prevent negative occurrences and overuse. Teen drinking can contribute to future issues and detrimental effects for many outside influences. Educating the public and distributors will help people make the choice that is right for them.     Introduction   Teen drinking is linked to alcoholism because their cognitive development is not at a stage that can determine falsities or reality based elements. This is because they are not fully developed mentally (https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa63/aa63.htm). At a young age alcohol can and alter the basic natural transferences of child to adolescents by means of chemical changes in the mind and body ( ie dopeman).  Media influences these elements by promoting the use of drugs and alcohol in those who maintain a mentally, financially and sexually successfully lifestyle under the influence or floating close to it. The health benefits of drinking are contrasted by the large amount of socially accepted overuse and the positive aspects associated with it portrayed in media. When settlers came from europe to colonize this now North American continent they bring their customs and taste for alcohol along with them. Beers and wines were part of family life and considered alcohol to be the “Creature of God”. In fact fortunes were amassed by producers of alcoholic beverages.  The Composition of Alcohol  Alcohol is an organic compound comprised of the hydraulic function group bound to a saturated carbon atom. The name “Alcohol” is referred from the name “Ethanol Alcohol which is the main active ingredient in alcoholic drinks (“Chemical Makeup of Alcohol, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol”). The -ol suffix appears in all substances where the hydroxyl group is the highest priority, ie alcoholic beverages. This is is defined by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry”, the IUPAC. All substances under this category will appear in this index. Other substances like sugars can contain functioning hydroxyl groups without using the suffix like sugars, glucose and sucrose are two examples. Depending on the corresponding alkali context the name of the end product will differentiate. This is where different types of alcohol and the corresponding names come from.   Types of Alcohol   -Propanol Alcohol (a primary alcohol)     -Isopropyl Alcohol (a secondary alcohol)  -Cyclohexanol (a secondary alcohol)   -Isobutyl Alcohol (a primary alcohol)  -Methylpropan Alcohol (a tertiary alcohol)    Most known alcohols have a distinct odor that is easily recognizable.    Uses and Applications  Alcohol has a worldwide history of different uses and applications. It used as fuel, medical areas, industrial uses and as a beverage.   Antifreeze: Commonly includes %50 by volume a solution of ethylene and glycol in water.   Medical: Ethanol is used as an antiseptic to disinfect skin areas before injections are administered. This can be used in conjunction with iodine. Ethanol based soaps are becoming commonly used in the food production industry.    Alcohol Fuel: Some alcohols like ethanol and alcohol can be used as a combustible fuel.   Preservative: Alcohol is used scientifically to preserve various biological specimens.   Solvent: Some types of alcohol ares used as solvents in the science field.   Alcohol occurs naturally under certain circumstances but it is typically a man made and created substance. Historic records determined that the first experiments involving alcoholic beverages were delivered by a Persian philosopher “Rhazes” in the year 854-925 CE.  The discovery of natural fermenting fruits and the effect of wildlife then subsequently human beings is what most likely what stirred his interest.   Underage Drinking   Under age drinking is a seriouse health problem. Alcohol is a widely used substance of abuse in  society. More than half of north american youths 12-20 have tried alcohol. Under age drinking is risky beacyuse of the in the physical immaturity of the user and the underdeveloped cognitive ability they possess. Drinking at a young age can lead to illness, car accidents, violent and or indecent behavior, and other health consequences. The average age for children to have their first drink is 11-13 years old, or in many cases much much younger. Young member of society who began using alcohol before the age of 21 are more likely to engage in many dangerous and thoughtless acts.   -Unprotected sex -Attempt Suicide -Be involved in violent acts or behaviour -Develop alcohol problems later in life  The developing years of 18-25 are a time of considerable change for young people. Their minds and bodies are going through chemical and physical changes. These are the years teens start to venture out into the world on their own, moving out, attending college and being exposed to new social trends some involving alcohol use. Factors that influence when a young person will begin to start using alcohol can include race, genetics, mental health problems, personality traits, family and peer influence and gender (men are more likely to drink heavier than women).   Dangers of Underage Drinking   The large number of teens drinking means a negative effect on future developments, especially because alcoholism can be a genetic trait, it can be passed down through generations. The active molecule in beverage alcoholic drinks can actually change and alter one’s dna and genetic makeup. Alcohol is also a major factor in automobile accidents, it can have lasting health effects and is also a common factor in sexual assaults and rape. Teen women who drink face different dangers than males. Girls are more likely to use alcohol to escape emotional problems. They are more likely to drink to escape family problems, then because of peer pressure. Teen girls who use alcohol are more likely to have unprotected sex, putting them at risk for sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy.  A common problem with young drinkers is the act of drinking to excess or “binge drinking”. Binge drinking can have many negative effects that far outweigh the supposed positive feelings the user is coerced into believing will come from this action. This counts as 5 or more drinks for males and 4 or more for females. When high amounts of alcohol is taken at once the user can experience blackouts, memory loss, or violence. Many young adults do understand this and drink responsibly or not at all. Young people who enjoy indulging in binge drinking can succumb to public embarrassment at social events.   (“https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/special-populations-co-occurring-disorders/underage-drinking”)    Alcoholism  Alcohol, a socially accepted, studied, refined, popular and common legal drug, distributed and consumed in most countries worldwide. Unlike other drug/chemical addictions alcohol offers confusion to the user and society as a whole. The generalization of its use and acceptance in various situations is portrayed in the media, blurring the line if there is one determining what if any is considered safe and accepted use of alcohol. Keeping this in mind remember that the distribution of alcohol has been used as a chemical weapon in past historic events militaristically to destabilize civilizations during several time periods. (“Drugs in Modern Society” Charles R. Carroll page 123 chapter 4)   The effects of alcoholism is common knowledge. Since (the year and inventor is is )** alcohol has been between legal and illegal similar to tobacco. Unlike other narcotics, alcohol can and is marketed with an attractive and sexual in nature connotations.(Drugfacts Young People.com)The colonists used alcohol to destabilize the indian or indigenous population and build what we currently know as western society(The 8Th Fire CBC). Think of alcohol, how is it released?, what percentage becomes addicted or dependent? What other mitigating factors determine addiction rates and dependence?   When the substance ethanol is consumed humans brain’s chemistry is altered. The chemical messengers “neurotransmitters send electric signals to your body, altering behaviour and emotions. These changes depend on how much and how fast it’s absorbed into to stomach and small intestines. “The National Institutes of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism”  outlines mitigating factors that determine the extent of alcohol effects on the human brain.   -How much and how often one consumes alcohol -The age of the user when “they took their first drink” and how long they continue to consume alcohol -The users age, sex, racial dna background and family history of related alcoholism  -Whether or not the user is at risk of parental alcohol use -General health issues     (https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa63/aa63.htm)                      Human Brain- Showing regions vulnerable to alcoholism related abnormalities  Alcohol has been used by humans for various reasons for centuries. Beer, wine, spirits all were discovered by man spontaneously through history. What makes alcohol unique is its social acceptance. Alcohol is considered a social drug, with the potential for serious abuse. Alcoholic beverages are conveyed as a temporary mood elevator or modifier with desirable effects, and then depicted as a rampant dangerous disease with immoral negative outcomes. Alcohols is shown to be cool or sexy, then shown to have  a detrimental effects and consequences. These mixed attitudes are the core element contributing to alcoholism and alcohol related problems (“Drugs in Modern Society third edition”).   The general ideas behind the positive effects of alcohol:   -Necessary for a happy and full life -Makes the user sophisticated and regal (ie using distinguished characters to sell or promote alcoholic beverages.) -Alcohol improves thought and social performance  -Drinking is depicted as a necessary part of male bonding and masculinity   As long as these perceptions continue to be accepted, negative alcohol related use and issues will continue to arise. In the same breath we warn children about alcohol use and abuse then sip cocktails at parties. When a child comes home drunk his parents are pleased he was not one marijuana or other illegal drugs.   -There is no general consensus of whether or not drinking is good or bad.  -There are no strict controls for alcohol use or abuse (you are allowed to be an alcoholic and it is simple to do so) -There is no standard of what is proper moderation of use. This can be mitigated and determined by the user. How often or much they drink and the time or place they are consuming  Society finds drunk antics funny. The same is not for the person who uses needle drugs, or is experiencing drug psychosis from smoking crystal meth. Does the reaction society has toward alcohol use aid in its abuse? American Prohibition started on january 16th 1920 when the set the 8th amendment was put in effect. This lasted until it was repealed by the 21th amendment on December 1933, 13 years later. Today alcohol is still smuggled even though it is legal in most places. In an effort to avoid paying taxes liquor is still trafficked to and from certain areas. The United Kingdom reports an estimated 900 million pounds loss of tax revenue from smuggling activities. The drink known as “Absinthe” was smuggled into the United States until it was made legal.  Some cuban rums are also smuggled in violating the enacted embargo in 1960.    Problem Drinking  Heavy use of alcohol in combination with escape drinking are often the precursor to problem drinking. Society promotes the ability to “hold one’s liquor” as a form of strength or manliness. Society also oks the use of alcohol to escape reality when confronted with personal issues.  Popular media icons use alcohol and condon its use through music, popular television shows and films and classic heroes or characters. (ie.James Bond and his famous quote “Shaken not Stirred”, Homer Simpson and favorite drink “Duff Beer”, indigenous comedy shows such as “The Trailer Park Boys” and Mr. Lahey’s love of hard liquor. These media influences affect our view of alcoholism.   Conclusion  Alcohol can be enjoyed and used responsibly. Understanding the effects and dangers can prevent negative occurrences and overuse. Teen drinking can contribute to future issues and detrimental effects for many outside influences. Educating the public and distributors will help people make the choice that is right for them.