IntroductionIn 2010 alone, excessive alcohol consumption cost the U.S. $249 billion according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a federal agency of the U.S. department of health (Excessive alcohol use continues to be drain on American economy, 2016). Across America, alcohol has become a popular drug among adults due to its vast accessibility, evident through a 2015 National survey referred to by the governmental organization of The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the largest funder of alcohol research worldwide, which states how 86.4 percent of adults have drank alcohol in their lives, 70.1 percent drank in the past year, and 56 percent in the last month (Alcohol Facts and Statistics, 2017). The majority of adults who consume alcohol may face many health issues and other complications such as alcohol related medical bills and possibly death in dangerous situations like. drunk driving. Additionally, lost productivity from employees’ irresponsible drinking could lose companies billions of dollars. Prior to an individual constructing a solution to this quandary, one should first analyze the economical impacts and patterns in America that result from alcohol consumption. Through an economical standpoint, how should the US federal government adjust alcohol regulations in order to decrease excessive alcohol consumption and strengthen various aspects of America? One way this topic could be evaluated is by analyzing medical costs that result from alcohol related activities, such as excessive drinking and drunk driving, allowing one to see the financial burden that is placed on alcohol consumers or even regular bystanders that get involved in a situation where alcohol is being misused. Additionally, the topic could be further examined by viewing increasing rates of lost productivity in the workplace because of excessive drinking; this viewpoint enables one to notice how consumers of alcohol are impacted as well as how corporations and the economy as a whole are affected by excessive alcohol consumption. Alcohol Misuse Medical BillsTo begin, irresponsible drinking leads to medical fees and insurance losses which annually cost American People and The U.S. Economy billions of dollars. According to the US National Library of Medicine article by M. Simon and S.M. Rosen, associates of Marin Institute in California, as well as TR Miller of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 38.5 billion dollars arise annually in California alone because of alcohol related costs; 5.4 billion of that amount is derived from medical and mental health spending (Rosen, Miller, & Simon, 2008). Essentially, the enormous amount of money spent on alcohol treatment allows the authors to illustrate the massive cost that is placed on misusers of alcohol. It can be logically deduced that medical costs that arise because of poor decisions with alcohol not only cause consumers to lose an abundance of wealth, but the lost work days due to excessive alcohol consumption could reduce a company’s productivity immensely, especially when there are many alcohol related medical issues in California alone. Also, according to the published book by Richard J. Bonnie, Professor of Law and Medicine at the University of Virginia, and Mary Ellen O’Connell, A Professor of Law and Research at the University of Notre Dame, underage drinking presents about $8.4 billion in health care costs annually (Bonnie & O’Connell, 2004). Essentially, the healthcare money spent on underage drinking expenditures is a massive financial loss to society since the money is being spent on adolescents committing preventable, illegal acts instead of the money being put into the more important aspects of society such as education or infrastructure. Under-age drinkers in America are similar to the people who commit alcohol related crimes such as drunk driving, not only because the act of drinking can easily be prevented, leading to a safer situation, but also because the irresponsibility of these two stakeholders leads to them losing a great amount of money in the form of criminal expenditures, medical bills, or, in some cases, both. After examining the billions of dollars in medical bills that result from alcohol misuse through a variety of reliable sources, it can be logically concluded that excessive alcohol drinking can form dangerous situations for an individual or group, causing an immense amount of money to be wasted, so, it seems as if excessive alcohol consumption has a negative financial impact on the consumer. Increasing Alcohol ExpendituresAdditionally, the various costs which alcohol presents to the US economy are rapidly increasing over time while impacting consumers of alcohol and American companies. For example, according to a document by the National Criminal Justice Reference Service, a government funded organization for the purpose of providing drug related information in America, alcohol abuse cost America 50.6 billion in lost productivity costs in the year of 1977 (National Criminal Justice Reference Service, 1984). To compare, according to “Economic Costs of Excessive Alcohol Consumption in the U.S.” by Jeffrey Sacks and Robert Brewer, doctors of medicine, Henry Harwood, a Director of the National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse, Ellen Bouchery, who has a Masters degree in Mathematica Policy Research, and, Carl Simon, a professor of Economics and Mathematics from the University of Michigan , in 2006, the approximate economic cost of superfluous alcohol consumption was 223.5 billion, and 161.4 billion dollars of that amount came from lost productivity (Bouchery, Harwood, & Sacks, 2011). Lost productivity costs have more than tripled over a 29 years, leading to the authors claim that excessive drinking costs are rapidly growing and impacting the economy. Not only does the employee have to pay the alcohol abuse costs, but the company also faces a significant amount of lost productivity when an employee is not present or is working at a substandard rate, resulting in both viewpoints being impacted financially. To continue, according to Dorothy P. Rice, an American health statistician who aided in the creation of Medicare, alcohol abuse crime expenditure costs were at about 5.8 billion in the year of 1990 (Rice, 1993). In reference to “Economic Costs of Excessive Alcohol Consumption in the U.S.”, the article mentioned previously, 2006 alcohol abuse criminal justice costs came out to about 21 billion dollars out of the 223.5 billion total (Bouchery et al.,2011). By comparing sources, the data depicts that the annual costs over the course of about 16 years nearly quadrupled, leading to the conclusion that since alcohol crime costs have increased immensely, so have the amount of alcohol caused crimes. Not only can alcohol abuse endanger innocents in a society, but it also causes an immense amount of alcohol expenditure costs, which are increasing annually in the form of legal fees and criminal damage costs. The tremendous rise in Alcohol crime expenditures over time connects to the immense amount of financial fees mentioned earlier that one has to pay due to the fact that activities like drunk driving can cause car crashes that injure the consumer as well as an innocent civilian, leading to an immense amount of medical bills for both sides involved. After viewing the statistics from credible sources, it can be reasonably claimed that alcohol costs in negative areas of the economy, such as criminal expenditures and lost productivity costs, are increasing, and that this increase has a negative impact on alcohol consumers, American businesses, and the US economy as a whole. ConclusionIn conclusion, before attempting to assess the national issue of excessive alcohol consumption, an individual should first analyze the medical costs that are associated with alcohol abuse in order to comprehend the monetary pressure that deals with when they misuse alcohol. Additionally, one has to realize that the cost of alcohol abuse is increasing and having a bigger impact on the country as a whole as America progresses into the future. Due to the widespread evidence and logical reasoning provided, the assertion that Alcohol is an increasing financial burden in America provided the best argument; if the economic areas where alcohol costs were increasing at the fastest rates were analyzed closely, adjustments could be made to significantly reduce the economic aspect of the dilemma of excessive alcohol consumption.