Mark will show the depravity of the moral

Mark Twain’s, “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,” articulates the titular character’s attempt to achieve freedom for himself and Jim by disputing with his conscience influenced by theological and societal codes, reflecting the Southerners endeavor to maintain power by controlling and oppressing blacks during the collapse of the Reconstruction Era amid the early 1880s. Twain’s motif of the Mississippi River epitomizes the blessings and dangers of freedom, which must be headfully navigated to achieve a pleasant life. Additionally, the contemplative tone of the speaker reveals the struggling sense of rectitude influenced by a conscience deformed by society. Lastly, the “adventures” apart of the title tricks readers to believe the novel obtains similar childlike experiences of that in “The Adventures Tom Sawyer,” but instead traces the journey of a young, carefree boy into a responsible young man with rectitude. To begin, Huck and Jim plan to convey a steamboat up the Ohio River into the free states, where slavery became illegal. The idea of finding liberty by moving to the frontier proves to be a testing ground, not only for American individualism, but also for the pioneering ideas of equality and freedom. A fog sets in, limiting their visibility. At a crucial juncture, slave-hunters don’t impede Huck and Jim’s progress to freedom, but rather nature does. Ironically, Huck and Jim seek freedom in the natural word, which imposes havens from society and even its own dangers on the two. Huck’s lie (Jim dreamed the fog) devises Jim to become angry at Huck for failing to imagine the consequences of his lie, and how he experiences the world. Huck’s conscience insists him to apologize and feels no regret for it, expressing his willingness to cross the slave/white divide and to see Jim as a true human being. While acknowledging Huck’s own actions to assist Jim in liberating himself, his conscience hassels him for his decision. To Huck, the Mississippi River represents a life beyond the rules of society. On the river, he encounters all kinds of life-threatening situations, particularly slave-hunters. As stated in the book, “Then I thought a minute, and says to myself, hold on; s’pose you’d’a’ done right and give Jim up, would you feel better than what you do now? No, says I, I’d feel bad–I’d feel just the same way I do now (97).”  Huck ingeniously dissuades the men from discovering Jim, precipitating him to apprehend that his conscience does not serve as a firm means of determining rectitude. Therefore, he endorses an ethic of hardiness: whatever his heart advises him to do instinctually, Huck resolves to do. As Huck drifts down the river, he assimilates that freedom comes with the responsibility to decide for yourself how to be a good, moral person. Huck’s actions will show the depravity of the moral rules that dominate Southern society because of its embrace of racism. The Duke and the King shatter the peaceful environment of the raft. The two men represent the confidence men that roam both rural and urban landscapes of nineteenth-century America, always attempting to prey on the gullible and naive. The confidence man of early frontier literature employs not only society’s vices, but also its convictions and trust for his schemes, and the Duke and the King exemplify the trickster for taking advantage of an ignorant society. The King sells Jim back into slavery by printing a handbill, resulting in Huck’s decision on whether or not to help Jim. Huck’s proclamation, “All right, then, I’ll go to hell,” portrays the testament of the way slavery warps Christianity in the south that devises Huck to believe freeing a man from slavery will send him to hell. The titular character existent in, “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,” express his dispute with his conscience dominated by society in attempt to obtain freedom through the motif of the Mississippi River, contemplative tone, and ironic title, written during an era of slavery in the antebellum south. Akin to Huck’s struggle with his conscience, homelessness may be considered a normal part of city life– a non-issue, morally speaking–for someone lacking a first-hand experience. If considered an issue, someone becoming homeless might be seen as the result of unlucky coincidence, personal failure, or particular social forces. Each person’s worldview influences the way they treat new information or experiences. Someone may feel compassion and a desire to help a homeless person, on an individual level, from a personal sense of conscience. However, a lack of understanding of social structure contributes to social apathy– the feeling that, despite sympathy or compassion, ‘it has nothing to do with me,’ or that ‘it’s not my problem.’ Because conscience entwines with emotionally-charged assumptions and worldviews, one becomes left with rectitude, and their decision may grant someone their freedom.


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