International English Language Testing System or known as IELTS is used to
evaluate the level of language proficiency of the people. According to Hardin (2013), this test is the
world’s most popular English language proficiency test and widely accepted in
many institutions. Moreover, this test
was designed to remain fair to all student without any reason of biased. British Council, International Development
Program of Australian Universities and Colleges (IDP) and Cambridge English
Language Assessment are the team who are in charged designing this test. It was established in 1989.
2.4.2 Format of IELTS
In IELTS, there are three different
types of version which are Academic, General Training and Life Skills. The first two tests, Academic and General
Training are divided into four sections:
Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing. For all version student need to take the same
listening and speaking test but need to take different types of reading and
writing test. According to Friesen
(2017), the Academic Reading and Writing questions will be more abstract than
those in the General Training version which means some sample of reading
passages are written in less simple vocabulary.
IELTS Life Skills includes only the Listening and Speaking sections and
it takes less time to complete than the other options. The purposes of these three version are
Academic version is intended for people planning to study in higher education,
General Training version is meant for people who want to migrate and Life
Skills is designed to meet UK Visa and immigration purposes.
For listening section takes
approximately 30 minutes to complete and another 10 minutes to transfer your
answer on the sheet. This section has
four parts and the students need to answer the question that had been given by
listening the conversation and monologue.
According to Kuangyan (2016), students need to focus on the overall
meaning of the conversation and listen the answer carefully so that you do not
miss the verb tenses. For speaking
section takes about 11-14 minutes and is divided into three parts which are
introduction of yourself, talk about a particular topic that had been given and
discussion in more details about the topic.
Next, for reading section takes about 60 minutes where the students need
to answer the question by reading the passages that had been given. Moreover, for writing section which takes
about 60 minutes where the students need to write on the given topic.
2.4.3 Recognition of IELTS
These tests are accepted worldwide by
more than 9,000 institutions such as universities, corporations, immigrations
offices and international professional organisations. According to Collier (2015), if you wish to
attend a university or other higher education centre that offers study
programmes in English, you should take this test because thousands of
universities will accept your results.
Most of European and Australian academic institutions require the IELTS
academic certificate because it is more on British and Australian English. Professional registration bodies will accept
the IELTS results in many fields such as accounting, engineering, law, medicine
2.4.4 Availability of IELTS
Students can sit for IELTS in more
than 140 countries and in over 1,000 locations.
There are up to 48 test dates available per year and each test centre
offers test up to four times a month.
According to Recine (2017), students need to find the most suitable
dates for them to sit for the test especially in your semester break. This is because the student will have an
ample time to prepare themselves. In
order to apply for the test just go to the IELTS website and check out the
centre closest to your home. Students
can see the possible examination dates and their availability and directly
register for the exam.
2.4.5 Scoring in IELTS
According to Gwendolyn (2016), the
IELTS scores are between 1 and 9. The
student will get a band score for each of the skill (reading, writing, speaking
and listening) and the overall band score.
The overall band is the average of all the skills. The highest band would be the band 9 and
lowest band is the band 1.
2.4.6 Benefits of IELTS
First benefits are students who are
interested in pursuing their studies in abroad should take this test because
many universities worldwide accept IELTS result. So, the probabilities of the student to get
study abroad are higher. According to
Yucel (2016), students can improve their English language skills during
preparation before taking the test. They
will have a good vocabulary and grammar and also can give them confidence
during presentation. Secondly, workers
who have the good language skills are valuable assets to the company because
they are capable to communicate well with other foreign clients in business
matter. They also have a higher
opportunity to be hired compared to other applicants. Thirdly, for immigrations. Government agencies use the IELTS exam as
part of their application processes to obtain citizenship. They consider that the language profiency is
the ability of the people to integrate into their community.