One of the major events of the 17 centuries
was the industrial revolution of Europe. “The industrial revolution began in England
in the 1770s and 1780s in textile manufacturing and spread from there across
the continent” (Hunt, 2012, 686). This revolution was marked by three segments
each of which was associated with different regions as well as technology. The
structure of the economy changed along with technological innovations. New types
of investments shifted the focus to the manufacturing in the newly built large-scale
statement: The basic concept associated with the
industrial revolution was to shift the economy from the agrarian sector to
industrial and commercial sectors.
Industrial revolution has a deep-rooted impact on the society and culture of
the European nations and these countries utilized the new sources for
revolutionizing production. There were three levels in which, Britain initiated
the initial phase. It was then followed by France and Germany while the third
phase industrialized Italy, Austria, Russia, and Prussia.
revolution had far-reaching social impacts, which varied across region as well
as class. New class and family structure emerged for adjusting to new wage
commercialization and production that shifted from the house to large industries
(Fernihough and Kevin 2014). Capitalism
originated from industrialization that greatly impacted social structure.
Industrial revolution caused a mass migration to the urban and semi-urban areas
from rural places for employment.
culture of Europe was also influenced by the industrial revolution where the
class discrimination became prominent. Before the revolution, the society was
divided into two classes elites and poor, but a new class was introduced which consisted
of entrepreneurs, lawyers, teachers, and physicians. They were the middle class
or bourgeoisie (De Pleijt, Alexandra and Jan
2016). The industrial revolution lead to the ill-treatment of women and
children that prompted “the Factory Act of 1883 in Great Britain, which
outlawed the employment of children under the age of nine in textile mills (except
in the lace and silk industries); it also limited the workdays for those ages
nine to thirteen to nine hours a day and those ages thirteen to eighteen to
twelve hours” (Hunt, 2012, 691).
to the Industrial Revolution, the economy began to focus on the industrial
productions rather than agriculture. The lazy rural life was transformed into
busy, disciplined life. The position of the women changed greatly as they also
started to earn like men. The industrial revolution created the avenue for
workers to come together under the umbrella of a workers’ union to fight against
their employer for being treated unfairly.