Over government and create a commercial monopoly, controlling

Over the course of history many nations have had a policy of extending their country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force, also called Imperialism. Southeast Asia is a group of countries that include Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam that were colonized by a number of other influential nations Thailand/Siam wasn’t colonized. The four major powers that held colonies in Southeast Asia are the Netherlands/Dutch East India Company, Great Britain, France, and the United States. These influential countries used the pretense of “helping” out these other “inferior” countries to benefit themselves and shape how these Southeast Asian nations are today in positive and negative ways. The countries that the Dutch colonized were called the Dutch East Indies, but the most important colony is Indonesia. The Dutch East India Company, a combination of commercial organizations that had immense power due to its vast area of trade and military power, had major influence over other countries by making forcing them accept their trading conditions. Throughout the 1600s, the Dutch East India Company started to spread its influence and control over Indonesia. It took some islands from the Portuguese and Britain such as Malacca and Sumatra and started controlling trade and politics/disputes (Britannica). The group of islands called Dutch East Indies was created to bring all of Indonesia under one government and create a commercial monopoly, controlling trade and extorting produce and resources, changing the traditional system of trading already in place. The Dutch East India Company created a system of taxes, a forced system of trades, and forced labor that forced producers I use the word “forced” a lot for a reason to grow and sell certain products cash crops like spices and also oil, rubber at a “set” price extremely low price to the Dutch which led to many people starving and working with terrible conditions. More like tribute than trade because it was way more favorable for the Dutch as scholar J.S. Furnivall said, “‘tribute disguised as trade'” (Britannica). Although it seems like the Dutch control of Indonesia is only detrimental to Indonesia, all of these decisions to bring the Indonesian islands under the control of the Dutch although through questionable methods actually helped to unite them with a sense of nationalism. When the Dutch East India Company went bankrupt and the Dutch government assumed control, the Dutch also improved education, medicine, and architecture such as factories for Indonesia. The Indonesian tribes went from living in dirt huts and drinking/eating dirty water/food to having roads, bridges, and having a system of clean water that could be transported (Indonesia-Investments). Just like when Britain colonized America, the Indonesians had no say in the government and had no say in choosings its enemies and allies. However, the Dutch at the time had the one of the best governments and set up the higher-ups of the Indonesians as they slowly gained more power in the government to have a great government in the future when they were freed. Furthermore, the network of forced trade routes that the Dutch implemented, eventually helped Indonesia having an abundance of valuable resources helped too to trade with a number major powers in the future when they were freed (Indonesia-Investments). The British expanded into Burma from India which they controlled at the time in the early 1800s, eventually annexing the country in 1886. In the beginning Burma was a group of weak, separated, independent territories that were sometimes controlled by weak monarchs. Consequently, a finger-licking British Empire that had control of India, was right next to these territories for the taking. Britain was nervous as a number of other countries were becoming more powerful such as France by colonizing territories in Southeast Asia and Burma was slowly starting to become stronger as they were coming together which was right next to British India. However, as the British wanted to nip any threats early in the bud and grow more influential, started to take over the unstable Burma, it took longer than they thought it should’ve taken. After the third Anglo-Burmese war 1825-1885 Burma finally became fully under Britain control and they added it to India, although it eventually became an independent colony (Facts and Details). Britain tried to assimilate the Burmese to British culture and traditions slowly and improve the economy through new trade routes. The French took control of a number of countries called French Indochina by the late 1800s. This was made up of “Cochin-China, Annam, Cambodia, Tonkin, Kwangchowan, and Laos” (Kallie Szczepanski). Which today is Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. France started off with “missionary voyages” to convert people and after gaining power created a union to govern the colonies. In order to vindicate their ideals and beliefs of spreading their influence, France created “their own principle called the mission civilisatrice or ‘civilising mission'” (alpha history). This can be compared to the quote “The White Man’s Burden” which essentially signifies that it was the duty of superior countries to help advance and modernize inferior, poor, and uncivilized countries by improving their technology, ideals, economics, politics/government, etc. Nevertheless, any person that’s not naive can tell that mother countries predominantly have colonies to benefit themselves land, resources, labor, taxes, monopolies and not because of some righteous morals that greedy and cocky higher-ups of those countries have. Vietnam turned into a rice and rubber farms making machine and some other things like opium, salt, and alcohol solely to profit France with low-paying, dangerous working conditions that’s a reoccuring theme. France used “Francophile collaborators” to help colonize and govern more like exploit colonies since there weren’t many people coming from France itself (alpha history). And the one we all know about, the U.S. colonization of the Philippines. However, before the U.S., the Spanish had control of the Philippines beginning in the 16th century. On 1898, war broke out Spanish-American War because of sunk ship USS Maine and Americans sympathized with rebelling Philippines vying for independence, which is hypocritical because the U.S. colonized them… and the U.S.eventually defeated the Spanish navy stationed at the Philippines and after winning the war brought/took the Philippines from Spain for 20 million dollars concept of “white man’s burden” (pbs). America crushed initial rebellions but eventually let them rule themselves because it was very controversial (History). In conclusion,


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