Educational research on reading and writing has revealed valuable information about recent discussion of reading problems as well as effective strategies for improving this situation. In particular, much research has been done to evaluate such problems as reading approaches to children with disabilities.
Many programs have been developed for fostering children’s adjustment to particular reading instructions. In addition, the National Right to Read Foundation (n. d.) provides the examination of the programs on reading recovery whose major mission lies in evaluating the major effects of whole-language tutorial program (Federally Funded Research, n. d.).
More importantly, reading recovery program also strives to unveil the program is efficiency and implementation is not justified. Finally, educational research has also been dedicated to the discussion of reading models and theoretical frameworks that should be used to improve educational techniques.
While analyzing the history of reading, it purposefully to discuss this aspect from different points of view, beginning with history of reading and ending with contemporary achievements in this field.
In order to examine the historical development of reading, it is necessary to refer to the analysis and definition of spoken language and human communication and consider reading a necessity to sharing and retaining information (A Brief History of Reading, n. d.).
Examining such historical issues as the development of phonetic system and the invention of alphabet allows teachers to better understand what strategies and techniques should be applied to ameliorate children’s reading comprehension. In addition, a thorough investigation of reading history also helps realize the importance of reading as a means of information comprehension.
While comparing past achievements in reading and writing with the contemporary ones involving electronic and digital introductions to reading activities, it is worth saying that technology has greatly contributed to the development of reading techniques.
According to the National Assessment of Adult Literary statistics (1990), more than 19.000 adults take part in state-level and national evaluations representing the US adult population. The evaluation provides the results from a 1992-2003 period to pursue the shifts in adult literacy.
The National Assessment of Adult Literacy also presents the information on the literacy performance and background characteristics to policy makers, practitioners, and researchers. The Literacy research involves a list of components that cover the extent of adult literacy in the USA.
In particular, it is based on background questionnaire that helps define the connection between adult literacy and demographic characteristics. Further, the research involves the prison component that evaluates the literacy skills of adults in state and federal prisons. Such aspect as health literacy is also crucial in assessing the adults’ abilities to apply their literacy skills for understanding health-related materials and forms.
Other research has been conducted assess the educational progress (National Assessment of Educational Progress, 1990). The project is aimed at evaluating students’ abilities in different subject areas, particularly in reading, writing, science, mathematics, the arts, economics, civics, and the US history.
The research discloses the results in instructional experiences, subject-matter achievements and school environment. It should be stressed that the National Assessment of Educational Progress (1990) does not reveal the results of separate students, but provides the scores of particular groups. In addition, while conducting research, the Committee has chosen particular groups for analysis due to the fact that those groups constitute special interest to the examination.
A Brief History of Reading. (n. d.). Live Link. Retrieved from http://www.liveink.com/whatis/history.htm
Federally Funded Research (n. d.). The National Right to Read Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.liveink.com/whatis/history.htm
National Assessment of Adult Literacy (1990). National Center for Educational Statistics. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/naal/
National Assessment of Educational Progress (1990). National Center for Educational Statistics. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/