Health and social care in Ireland including such issues like nursing, counseling, and social work are influenced by several factors, and one of the most important is unbelievable increase of older population that is in need of various types of care (O’Connor 35).
In fact, this factor creates a number of challenges for the Irish government as certain financial pressure takes place as well as difficulties with check the quality of care provided for people.
To overcome the problems which appear in the country, three funding models which are private, public, and mixed are offered to society in order to choose the most appropriate methods of care improvement and provide older population of different categories with the required portion of professional help.
Improving quality of life of Irish citizens requires the government to evaluate the already existing public policies, analyse social welfare, and consider the integrated structures by means of which people are free to get the necessary help; Ireland is the country where older population is increased considerably on a daily basis, this is why it is crucially important to investigate the sphere of social and health care and improve the conditions under which people have to live.
Social care is the sphere of life where people work in order to provide citizens with the necessary living conditions and help those who suffer from marginalisation or inabilities to meet their social needs.
Quality care is an important issue in human life, this is why it is crucial to develop new ideas, methods, and standards under which people may feel safe and sound for a long period of time. Under current conditions, not all Irish people may allow themselves receiving the best services and improve their well-being accordance with their demands.
The health care system undergoes numerous changes due to the fact that older population rates increase considerably within a short period of time (Murphy 478). Facing this fact, the government of Ireland has to re-evaluate its incomes and improve the rates of health care spending of GDP on health care.
In the chart offered below, it is clear that the achievements of Ireland in 2008 are rather impressive in comparison to the achievements demonstrated by such countries like the United Kingdom or Hungary. These rates prove that Ireland is the country that is ready to work at improvement of its social and health care and define the needs of citizens.
Older people rates have been increased for 10% during the last years (Mcilfatrick et al. 351). In spite of the fact that social care prospects at the beginning of the 21st century are directed to quality of life but not to longer life, the citizens of Ireland show that it is also necessary to take care of quality life among people who live long.
New investigations and discoveries, the impact of globalisation, and the desire to create good perspectives for better future make people neglect the idea of quality services.
For some period of time, health policy for older people was not that successful and effective, however, now the results of care offered to people turn out to be rather impressive: “for men, life expectancy at age 65 has risen from 13,8 years in 1995-1997 to 15,4 years in 2001-2003, with a corresponding increase for women from 17,4 years to 18,7 years” (Hodgins and McKenna 22).
According to Brennan, each citizen should have the right for equal health and social care, unfortunately, it is not always possible to control the system under which social workers have to complete their tasks.
In other words, the author admits that structural challenges are usually the most difficult for the Irish people to be overcome (Brennan 24). Financial management and improvement of the cost system should help the country to change the situation.
For example, government-funded health care services may be used to elaborate properly public funding. This is why health and social care in Ireland has to be based on properly organized systems or funding models which will help older population get the necessary help. There are three types of funding models in health and social care system:
System Public SystemPrivate SystemMixed System
Financial aspect of services All services are offered for freeCitizens have to pay for services they getIn addition to free medical services, citizens may pay to get another type of help or improve the conditions
Availability 24/7According to the working schedule of the organization24/7
QualityNot the highest quality is usually offered, still, not the lowestHigh quality services are usually offeredQuality varies
ServicesPeople are limited with the skills and knowledge to be used while offering servicesSocial and medical workers are free to enlarge their knowledge and improve skills accordinglyVariety of possibilities for medical and social workers is available