The or they would declare war on Germany.

The Treaty of Versailles was the treaty to end World War One, and due to the massive losses Germany had taken from the war, the allies would never have comprehended what the outcome of their action would grow in to. The treaty of Versailles was the treaty made by the major allied powers, Britain, France, and the United States of America in June of 1919 at the Hall of Mirrors to end World War One, and to bring consequences against Germany for being against the Allied Powers. The treaty was divided into multiple sections to take away and restrict multiple of Germany’s resources; the territorial part, the militarial part, the financial part, and the general section. The Treaty of Versailles was the compromise that led to Hitler’s rise of power after World War I, because of the land and territories the allies took from Germany, the massive losses to Germany’s economy, and the weakening of their army, resulting in another conflict, World War II. The territorial part of the treaty took away a lot of land from Germany. The treaty took a total of 10% of Germany’s land, which was at the time 27,000 square miles. Alsace-Lorraine, which today is in France, was given back to France. Eupen-Malmedy, which today is in Belgium, was given back to Belgium. Northern Schleswig, which today is in Denmark, was given back to Denmark, Hultschin, which today is in the Czech Republic, was given back to Czechoslovakia,at the time. The Rhineland is a part of Germany’s land border with France, and the allied powers had to demilitarize it to stop Germany from invading France again. The Saarland was rich with natural resources, but France took control of it for 15 years, along with the German coal mines. The lands before owned by Germany, had Germans living in it, and there was an estimated 10% of Germany’s population which had been living in the places that have been taken away from. This was one of the actions of the Treaty of Versailles which sparked controversy within Germany’s population. This was one of the most disliked parts of the treaty. One of the first startings of World War 2 was when Hitler and the Nazi’s invaded Poland. Hitler’s reason why he invaded Poland was because he thought that by invading Poland, he would bring more living space for Germans. After the invasion started, Britain and France demanded for Germany to stop invading Poland or they would declare war on Germany. When Germany ignored them, the day later Britain declared war on Germany, and France followed. Before World War One, Germany was one of the most powerful European economies, but after the Treaty of Versailles they became one of the most impoverished. After the war ended, the allied powers decided that Germany was the cause of the war, even though what started the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, but because of the kaiser (German emperor) William the second promising Austria-Hungary support against Serbia, and when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia Russia started to mobilize not because Serbia was their ally, but because they had political and religious influence in Serbia, so Germany declared war on Russia, which was the major starting point of the war. During the war, Germany spent more than 37 billion dollars (in the cost of dollars in 1914-1918) for mobilising troops, clothing for the troops, appropriate shelter for the troops, food for the troops, and building equipment. A lot of the money used went into making the country stable, and this was because most of the labourers went to fight in the war, so only women and children remained, doing the jobs that they had previously done. The result of the allied powers deciding that Germany was the cause of the war resulted in the allied powers imposing reparations on Germany, those which have totaled 132,000 million gold marks (the currency of Germany) which would equal to $33 billion USD today. This money spent for the war, maintaining the country, and the reparations caused the gold mark to hyperinflate and make the currency worth 1 million millionth of its original value. The economic depression allowed Hitler to take power because he promised a way out of it. Germany’s army was the sole reason why they could stay and fight several countries at once in the war. The allies thought if Germany’s army was weakened, they wouldn’t be able to start another war so they reduced Germany’s army from 3.8 million soldiers to 100,000 soldiers. The allies made and enforced more limits and restrictions for Germany.


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