The to ease the transition from being a

The Reconstruction era, even though
it was a failure, there were some notable gains that African Americans achieved.
Some of these gains were the abolishment of slavery, help with transitioning to
freedom, equal protection under state and federal laws, and granting black men
the right to vote. Throughout this process there were many struggles involved
with achieving the gains listed above. Though there were many groups and individuals
that played major roles in this process, some of the most prominent ones included
the Radial Republicans, Abraham Lincoln, and the people of the Freedmans
Bureau.

Shortly after the Civil War ended,
President Lincoln wanted to reach the goal of the whole reason behind the war,
the reunification of the country. Abraham Lincoln also saw the publication of
the Thirteenth amendment, but he did not get to see the ratification of it. In
December of 1865 the Thirteenth amendment was ratified, which officially
abolished slavery. Congress then created the Freedmans Bureau that was created
to ease the transition from being a slave to freedom. The Freemans Bureau helped
freed people gain labor contracts, reunite with families, and helped freed people
get a proper education. After the passing of the Thirteenth amendment, there
were a vast number of southerners that were not happy with the outcome.

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These southerners created what was known
as the black codes, which had the goals of keeping blacks in debt and having
them still not be able to afford the necessities of living, so they could not move
on to have a free life. The white southerners wanted to hold on to the control
over black individuals for as long as they could. Radical Republicans tried to
counter this violence when they drafted the Fourteenth amendment. The Fourteenth
amendment, gave citizens equal protection under state and federal laws which
eliminated that a black person was three fifths of a white person. Although the
Fourteenth amendment established protection within the state and federal laws
there were still some weaknesses within the amendment. This led to a final
amendment that was made during the Reconstruction Era. The final amendment of this
era is the Fifteenth amendment, which gave the right to any and every United
States citizen no matter the color, race, or previous services they may have
done, to vote.

Furthermore, even though the Reconstruction
era was ultimately a failure there were many notable gains for the blacks. There
were many setbacks throughout this time and many issues were not resolved. The
blacks were no longer under the ownership of the whites, which gave them the
means to be a part of society and make a living for themselves other than
working to provide for their slave owners. Although there was a lot southern rebellion
the Radical Republicans came through giving the blacks equal protection when it
came to state and federal laws. Lastly the blacks finally had the right to vote
and have a say in the political spectrum. Despite the failure of the
Reconstruction era, the blacks still had notable gains and without those amendments
coming into play the blacks may have had to wait a lot longer for the freedom and
the rights they did receive throughout this era.

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