This and preventive care within the population of

essay will explore the digital resource which was developed in order to promote
the role of occupational therapy (OT) within anticipatory and preventive care
within the population of young adults with mental health issues. It will
critically analyse the drivers and policies which underpin the services and
care which are available for those with Mental Health issues. There are many
policies and drivers to support the work of occupational therapists within this
population including Recovering ordinary lives, The Scottish Governments Mental
Health Strategy and Good Mental Health for all which will all be explored. It
will the then become evident the effectiveness of the policies and the
developed resources will have on the recognised stakeholders within this
selected sector. The proposed digital recourse is a webpage aimed at providing
students, career guidance councillors and any other stakeholders with
information regarding the role of occupational therapists, as key partners in
anticipatory and preventative care in the choose population.


conducting research it was chosen to create a webpage to explore the in-depth
role of OT within young adults with mental health issues. The World Wide Web is
used to promote professions and companies on a huge scale, to make this webpage
more available to school leavers and young adults it was decided to use social
media as the publicising medium. As the percentage of young adults using social
media is at an all-time high and Facebook has the highest number of users over
all other networking sites, at 91% (Wiley & Sisson, 2006).As a result of
these figures it was decided to advertise the webpage through Facebook to
maximise the potential of the resource. The webpage will focus on the work of
an Occupational Therapist within the chosen population. Today, it is essential to
maximise and encourage the use of new and effective tools of social media and
other, more traditional forms of communication to help us promote occupational
therapy (Jacobs, 2012).Jacobs (2012) states words, images and actions must be
used to promote the professional, this is evident within the digital resource
as words, photos/videos and case studies are used to depict the role of OTs in
young adult mental health services .Two videos which will feature on our digital
resource is the “Living with the black dog” and “The many faces of OT”. These
videos will allow the stakeholders to see the valuable work of an Occupational
Therapist within various settings including mental health. It is important to
include visuals such as the videos within the webpage as students will be more
inclined to watch a video than reading pages and pages on a topic. Videos
generate a greater amount of interest and will appeal to students who are
visual and auditory learners (Zane Education, 2017).

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health is a poignant and palpable condition among young adults, at present
mental health and behavioural problems are reported to be the primary drivers
of disability worldwide causing over 40 million people between the ages of
20-29 to become diagnosed with a disability (Mental Health Foundation UK).
There are many professional, political, economic and social drivers informing
to support the work of occupational therapists and inform the development of
the digital resource within the population chosen, including Good Mental Health
for all, The Scottish Governments Mental Health Strategy and Recovering
ordinary lives.


mental health is an initiative developed and supported by the Scottish
government and the convention of Scottish local Authorities which aims to
improve mental health through the promotion of mental wellbeing, prevention of
mental health issues and improving the quality of life of those living with mental
ill health (NHS Scotland, 2016).Health inequalities are immersed in powerful socio-political
forces that drive choices and priorities for governments and public bodies. As
a result of this, there is an unfair distribution of power, money, and
resources in areas which need it (NHS Scotland, 2016). Mental illness costs the
UK economy approximately  £100 billion a
year in terms of healthcare, unemployment benefits, homelessness support,  prison places and police time(Johnson, 2016) .The
Enhance individual experience – prevention and promotion section of this
document it underpins the role of Occupational therapy within anticipatory and
preventative care within young adults with mental health issues.


Scottish Governments Mental Health Strategy focuses on promotion and prevention
measures and examines a range of commitments aiming to improve the availably of
services and the response times in which these services have. The Scottish
government requires stakeholders in order for this initiative to work. Third sector,
community partnerships, people who have experienced mental health issues, their
families and their carers will play a crucial role within making this strategy
a reality, which will improve the quality of life for those living with mental
health conditions and work towards providing anticipatory and preventive care
within this population (, 2017). This strategy is the only one of the
chosen 3 that explores the quality of anticipatory care planning approaches for
children and young people leaving the mental health system entirely, and for
children and young people transitioning from CAMHS to Adult Mental Health
Services (, 2017). This section of the strategy explores the need for
services for young adults which is also explored within the proposed digital


Scottish Association for mental health (2017) states that General Practitioners
are no longer spending time with patients speaking about emotional wellbeing. Relationship
continuity encourages patients to be involved in establishing a therapeutic
relationship with one or more particular professionals in the practice team. Practice
culture and organisation should support both healthcare professionals and
patients to develop and maintain these therapeutic relationships, and adjust
them to the patient’s preferences, needs or social circumstances at a given
time (The Kings Fund, 2016).OT prioritise their interventions around
establishing therapeutic relationships and being client-cantered which benefits
the quality of service which is delivered to the service users (HCPC, 2017).


ordinary lives identifies the role of Occupational therapist and the unique
contribution and guidance for the development of the profession within the mental
health setting. This strategy similar to those mentioned above have the same
focus on improving services for those suffering from mental health issues;
however, ROL is specific to those within the profession of OT. This strategy
was developed accordance with Occupational Therapists for the use of OTs and
any other stakeholders within this profession (COT, 2007). The aims of this are
to instil the value of occupation to health and wellbeing. This policy also
aims to develop principles that will guide OTs in practice within the changing
social and political environments. This aim overlaps with that of the Good
mental health act which also focuses upon social dimensions in comparison to
The Scottish Governments Mental Health act which does not seem to recognise the
need for more services within different social sectors. These subgroups are at
greater threat of developing mental health issues due to exposure to
unfavourable social, economic, and environmental circumstances. (WHO, 2017).
Research of population studies have been carried out in European countries have
suggested that mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety are
associated with low educational attainment, material disadvantage and
unemployment(Fryers, 2015). The ROL strategy reaffirms the commitment to
working in partnership with service users and carers in all areas of
occupational therapy practice and to ensuring that occupational therapy
services are accessible and timely so that they meet the needs of the people
who use them.


As the role of Occupational
Therapist is wide and varied it can be hard for one to capture the nature of
the fundamental role in which they play in the lives of those who seek
intervention. Therapists within such settings experience challenges in describing
occupational therapy and engaging in the occupation-based practice. This may be
as a result of a range of factors, including the exemplary conflict that
emerges between profession informed by occupation and a primarily biomedical
setting. (Wilding and Whiteford, 2007). By having this salutogenesis view, an
Occupational Therapist can help the patient develop a personally satisfying
routine of everyday activities that create a sense of purpose and enhance the
person’s recovery journey. Occupational Therapists educate patients about a
different way of structuring their day, this may be in the form of getting back
out into the work force in the form of vocational rehab. Vocational
rehabilitation services exist to help mentally ill people find employment or purposeful
activity. Unemployment rates are high amongst people with severe mental
illness, with three quarters of people with a mental illness being unemployed (Pasha-Robinson, 2017). The link between these
services and OT improve the service the service user is receiving as the OT can
help the service user find employment in an area which meets their needs.
According to an NHS survey (Picker Institute, 2009), in-depth examination of patient feedback will
highlight the areas that require development to provide an improved service for
patients, and supply the evidence needed for change. The feedback obtained from the patients
will provide guidance into how the digital resource can be enhanced – to match
the clients’ needs in relation to better supporting their health .Another form
of how OTs can help service users to create a routine is in the forms of groups
(Creek, 2011). One group ran by Occupational Therapists is breakfast groups,
this gives the service user motivation to get up in the morning but also
encourages them to be independent and cook for themselves. By partaking in
groups it allows people with the same difficulties to meet which encourages
social interaction and widens their support network thus improving the
effectiveness of the intervention.


Mindfulness is a tool used by
occupational therapists which is adapted to what the patient likes or desires
to practice, such as meditation or yoga(NHS CHOICE, 2016).It is vital for OT to
develop a profession identity, by having its own professional identity it will
allow OT to discuss and broaden the minds of those who are unsure of the role
in which they play. (Kielhofner, 2009). This identity will instil confidence
into the stakeholders of the digital project. There are various stakeholders
for this digital resource including school leavers, parents of school leavers,
career guidance councillors, other 3rd party sectors including BAOT, RGU, and


the stigma attached to young adults with mental health issues and to the
stakeholders of school leavers, a primary goal of the webpage was to increase
awareness of the importance of mental health and how OTs help people to live
and deal with it, so by targeting people from at an early stage in their life
they will take this knowledge forward with them into their adult life is high,
thus helping to combat the stigma. From personal experience, career guidance councillors
were unsure of the profession of OT, due to its wide and varied role within
different settings. As a result of this students were left to carry out
individual research. Having been a student in this situation the information
provided by most was vague, giving the view of providing equipment and
maximising independence (Prospects, 2016) .But for a student, parent or
guidance councillor the questions they are asking is how do they maximise one’s
independence, to truly gain insight and to understand the role, examples such
as case studies are vital as provided in the digital resource (Atkinson et al.,


 OTs and professional bodies of the profession
of OT such as RCOT will benefit from this resource. As this resource promotes
the OT profession is has links to further websites in which stakeholder can
further their knowledge of the Profession as a whole and not just on one
population. Having had more time it would have been beneficial to contact these
stakeholders in order to maximise the potential of the resource. By contacting
a Young adult mental health OT working in vocational rehab it would have been
beneficial to receive advice on how the digital resource could be improved and
to see if they would have valuable experience in the area we are promoting.
Questions around? ?anticipatory?
?outcome measures?
?this could have been asked to widen
the information given to the stakeholders within the resource. Given more time
Facebook could have been approached to gain information on the best way to
advertise this to our given target audience and how feasible this would be. As
a lead on from this, the British college of OT would have been contacted, to
again, ask them for any advice and pointers for our website and also to apply
for funding to advertise on Facebook.


are many adjustments and developments which could have been made had time and
more time and resource had been available. However in the time given, an
effective digital resource has been developed for school leaver, career
guidance and councillors and any other stakeholder within this profession and
population. Traditional advertising mediums, such as newspapers, radio and
television, offer limited dissemination the potential of the effective of the
information being provided (Verdonck and Maye,
2016).It is vital for
the profession of OT to change and grow with the evolution of technology.
Looking back at the experience of creating the webpage, a reflection will be
provided on how the group worked together to make this effective resource.



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