Title over arousal will deteriorate performance (Yerkes and

Title –

effect of high intensity exercise on coincidence anticipation reaction time.

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Abstract –

multiple pieces of research investigate the factors effecting coincidence
anticipation time such as age, experience and arousal this article will look at
how high intensity exercise can effect the anticipation reaction time. There
are 15 participants in the study (14 Male and 1 Female) with an age range of
19-35 (21±4). The Bassin CAT LED test is used to determine pre-exercise and
post-exercise anticipation reaction times. The study uses a cycle ergometer to
enable participants to reach a THR90% (90% of Target Heart Rate). The
results show that the times taken to react to the stimulus were quicker before
taking part in high intensity exercise. This could conclude that there is a
negative effect between high intensity exercise and coincidence anticipation
reaction times.


Introduction –

research into exercise intensity and anticipation is still inconclusive as
there are different results for whether there is a cause effect relationship.
Coincidence anticipation is the prediction of an action before it happens.
Anticipation is a key skill in sport as being able to predict an event before it
happens can help to prevent an opponent from being able to outwit you.
Participating in exercise increases arousal levels which have been identified
as being a factor that may increase coincidence anticipation reaction time.
Athletes will have different arousal levels to keep them at their peak
concentration. One theory of arousal is the inverted U theory which proposes
that as arousal increases so does performance until a point where over arousal
will deteriorate performance (Yerkes and Dodson, 1908.) When a performer
becomes aroused their alertness is increasing due to the increase of adrenaline
and the heart rate also starts to increase. As well as exercise being a
possible factor that affects anticipation reaction time, the other factors may
include, sex, age, experience and those playing sport and those who do not. A
study by Lyons et al., (2008) looked at the difference of the reaction time
between novice and expert Gaelic games the study found that the intensity of
exercise in novices does affect their anticipation time and there was no
significant difference in high intensity exercise for professionals.

Age has
also been another research area in relation to coincidence anticipation timing
and it was shown there was a difference in females and age as they got older
the anticipation timing decreased but there was no significant evidence amongst
males (Kuhlman et al 1992). The
following study by Duncan et al., (2014) shows how the catastrophe arousal
theory correctly predicts how coincidence anticipation will be altered
depending on levels of arousal.

In this
study the aim that will be being researched is does high intensity exercise effect
the time taken to predict the arrival of a LED light stimulus. The following
are the hypothesises of the study; There will be no difference in whether high
intensity exercise effects anticipation reaction time or There will be a no
difference in whether high intensity exercise effects anticipation reaction
time, at the end of the study a hypothesis will be accepted depending on what
is found. 


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