What is terrorism? It is
not an ideology like democracy or fascism. However, terrorism is a strategy
used to achieve specific objectives. The act is seen when a person or group has
asymmetric power struggles against a larger state, thus resorting to actions that
are extreme and violent.
Preparing for a terrorist attack is difficult
because nobody knows when an attack will occur and there are different forms.
Technology continues to advance so do the tools used for terrorism. However,
there are some strategies for counter-terrorism: applying minimum security
standards, preserving critical information, and keeping terrorists from
try to make the greatest impact that they can. These attacks affect physical
harm, psychological well-being, financial stability, and international
relations. The aftermath of attacks can make people feel vulnerable. Fear
begins to control daily routines and worldviews. R?dulescu (2016) notes that
negative impacts can last up to 5 years after a major terrorist attack (p.92).
tourists, the effect can be substantial. Terrorists tactically target
“tourist sites, places of residence of the political, economic and social
elite” (R?dulescu, p.91). Tourists will decide to go to other places they
deem safer, meaning economic loss. According to R?dulescu (2016), five million
Americans travel to Europe annually, however, “approximately 60% of
American tourists have canceled bookings to Europe due to terrorist attacks.
The World Tourism Organization estimated that the losses in terms of
international tourism receipts are approximately 105 billion dollars”
people believe terrorism is solely international attacks. However, these
attacks can be domestic as well. A government report “shows that from September
12, 2001, to December 31, 2016, there were 85 deadly attacks in the United
States by violent extremists (Valverde, 2017). Most of these attacks were
carried by the far-right. On October 1, 2017, a 64-year-old white mean carried
fire at a country music festival in Las Vegas, marking the deadliest mass
shooting in the history of the United States. Las Vegas is one of the largest tourists’
attractions in the country. Psychologically tourists will not feel safe going
to certain venues anymore, and cost of security will increase.
Every community should be prepared for a
terrorist attack because of the significant impact it has psychologically and
financially. Economic activity is deeply affected by terrorist attacks. Damage
to infrastructure and discouraged foreign investment in turn affect the stock
market. R?dulescu (2016) found that “in 2013 the 10 countries most
affected by terrorism had declines in GDP between 0.5 and 0.8 percentage
points” (p.90); these impacts continue years after the attack takes place.
These individuals and groups are unpredictable and are driven by their beliefs.